Stoning In Iran|
Daleen Conradie 11(O)|
“You are a human being. You have rights inherent in that reality. You have dignity and worth that exists prior to law.” Lyn Beth Neylon
Human rights are the basic freedoms as well as rights that all humans are entitled to. These human rights include the right to life, freedom of thought and expression as well as equality.
Human Rights Violation:
A violation of Human Rights is when someone has been discriminated against or has made it unable for someone to receive their basic freedoms or rights.
Cultural Relativism is the principle when someone’s activities and beliefs have to be understood according to their own individual cultures.
Religious Relativism is the principle when someone’s activities and beliefs have to be understood according to their own individual religions.
Stoning In Iran
What is Stoning?
Stoning is a way of punishment where stones are thrown at the victim until they die. As a group complete this punishment no one can be held responsible for killing the person. This form of execution can be seen as a form of torture as it is slower than other forms. It is also said to be one of the oldest forms of execution that has been practiced in many areas of the world however most commonly in the Middle East and sub-Saharan Africa.
There are certain crimes that by the law of the country or community are punishable by death from stoning. If someone is accused and it is agreed by the people in power of the community they are put to death by stoning, even if there is no evidence to support the accusation. If the victim is a male they are buried up till their waste while a female is buried up until her shoulders. They are then thrown with stones by the volunteers in the community. These stones are picked specially to their size as they must be able to cause physical pain without causing death immediately. The stoning lasts until the person has died which on average is between 10 to 20 minutes.
The family of the victim are forced to watch as well as sometimes take part. It all depends on what the punishment entails. The law of stoning however also allows the person to go free if they are able to escape however this is not always followed as many that escape are then shot.
Human Rights Violation:
When someone does not allow them to have their human rights it is seen as they treat them as if they are less than human. It creates the sense that they do not deserve respect or dignity. All individuals are entitled to justice, life and physical safety in order to grow in a safe and nurturing environment. There are many ways to violate rights but governments have created laws to restrict the “crimes against humanity” however individuals as well certain groups of people till break these law for their own selfish reasons.
Unfair trial: In cases of stoning the judges are allowed to someone sentence someone to stoning without asking for permission from the government as well as often without proof of the crime. Iran law allows a judge to sentence someone based on their “knowledge.” This means that someone will be put to death not based on evidence but rather on the feelings of the judge. This means that many cases are unfairly tried. Abuse towards Women: “Right to life, liberty, and security of person without distinction of any kind, including sex” (Articles 2 and 3 of the UDHR) (http://www.stop-stoning.org/node/10)
Most of the victims of stoning are women who have been discriminated due to their statutes, customs or values. In actions that can be seen as violating normal behaviour, women are more likely to be assigned the guilt especially in the cases of adultery. The women in these relationships have a higher chance of being stoned to death while the men will receive less severe or even no punishment.
Cultural or Religious Context: