State Bureaucracy Administers and Implements the Laws of Texas

Topics: Government, Bureaucracy, Policy Pages: 6 (830 words) Published: September 16, 2014
The state bureaucracy administers/implements the laws of Texas. It is run by executives whose job is to see that the laws of the state are implemented according to the will and intent of the Legislature. Ideally, these executive branch officials or bureaucrats are to administer their duties and implement the laws in a neutral manner, uninfluenced by politics. In reality, state bureaucrats are important players in not just implementation, but also policy making. In Texas, there is no overall central governing or controlling authority. Government authority in Texas is very decentralized, and rests within many independent state agencies. A bureaucracy is a way of administratively organizing large numbers of people who need to work together. Even though bureaucracies sometimes seem inefficient or wasteful, setting up a bureaucracy helps ensure that groups of people work together in specific ways by defining everyone’s roles within a hierarchy. The job of a bureaucrat is to implement government policy, or take the laws and decisions made by elected officials and put them into practice. Some bureaucrats implement policy by writing rules and regulations, whereas others administer policies directly to the people. One way to understand what bureaucrats do is to look at the actions of different government agencies. If the government said we must focus on illegal aliens and border control, agencies like the border patrol, Coast guard and CIA, put motions in effect to combat the current issue. However, there are three main factors on who will do the leg work to complete the given task: the vigor and vision of their leadership, their resources, and the extent of which elite’s influence implementation. Communication and cooperation through agencies is not uncommon but unlikely due to the fact that agencies are trying to complete their own goals and are not aware they share the same/similar goals with neighboring agencies. When a bureaucracy works well, it harnesses many individual efforts to achieve the organization goals. Most of the time, Bureaucrats muddle through to get to any solution to fix the problem. The first solution that seems to fix a problem is often the solution picked. When bureaucrats pick the first expedient it is called a satisfice. Kerwin notes that along the way rules and regulations may slow the process and possibly prevent organizations from making decisions. The executive branch consists of the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Comptroller of Public Accounts, Land Commissioner, Attorney General, Agriculture Commissioner, the three-member Texas Railroad Commission, the State Board of Education, and the Secretary of State. Texas has a plural executive branch system, which limits the power of the Governor. Except for the Secretary of State, all executive officers are elected independently, making them directly answerable to the public but not the Governor. The executive branch also includes several boards and commissions that are made up of a mixture of elections and gubernatorial appointments confirmed by the Senate. In addition, there are many independent boards, commissions, and agencies that operate independently of the governor. Power is decentralized among many officials. Although the governor appoints over 3,000 individuals to 285-plus state boards and commissions, he has very limited removal authority and thus, has little control over the executive branch. Even with the Governor appointing several members of boards and commissions, the overall effect is a large network of administrative groups that neither the Governor nor the Legislature is able to coordinate or completely control. The Governor appoints the directors of a handful of state agencies, and the Governor has direct authority over these offices. Using his discretion (much like bureaucrats) to make decisions and decide on his option to veto. Cook said it was important to look at the ability to use discretion with institutive and constitutive...
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