Outline In the extemporaneous method of speaking, an outline is created to make sure all material is clearly developed and well-organized. For practicing and delivering the speech, the speaker does not use the outline, but instead uses brief notes that are based on the outline.
Bicycle Helmets (Improved Version) Michael Maraviglia
General Purpose: Specific Purpose:
To inform To persuade my audience that all bicyclists should wear helmets
To avoid death or injury, all bicyclists should be required to wear helmets.
INTRODUCTION I. Attention Material A. What is the most dangerous sporting activity in the United States? 1. When I asked you in a questionnaire, you guessed boxing, mountain climbing, or skydiving. 2. The correct answer is bicycling. B. Over 900 Americans die each year in bicycle accidents. (Show slide.) C. Over half are under the age of 15. (U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission) II. Orienting Material A. We will look at the extent of the problem. B. We will look at the solution: requiring every cyclist to wear a helmet. C. Don’t assume you are untouched by the issue if you are neither a rider nor a parent.
1. You will always have nieces, nephews, and other kids in your life. 2. Everyone wants to protect neighborhood kids. (Transition: Let’s examine the problem in detail.)
BODY I. The death and injury toll is very high. A. 900 persons die annually. (Show first slide again.) B. About 550,000 suffer serious injuries, some involving massive brain damage. (Bicycle Helmet Safety Institute) (Show slide.) C. It is a major misconception to think that a skilled cyclist doesn’t need a helmet. 1. Even pros are vulnerable. 2. Pro cyclist Andrei Kivilev of Kazakhstan was killed in a race. (Show headline on slide.) a. He had taken off his helmet. b. He wanted to cool off. 3. Fabio Casartelli of Italy died during the 1995 Tour de France. a. He wore a cloth cap. b. His head hit the pavement. D. Another misconception is to think...
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