REPUBLIC ACT 9003 January 26, 2001AN ACT PROVIDING FOR AN ECOLOGICAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM, CREATING THENECESSARY INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISMS AND INCENTIVES, DECLARING CERTAIN ACTS PROHIBITEDAND PROVIDING PENALTIES, APPROPRIATING FUNDS THEREFOR, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representative of the Philippines in Congress assembled:CHAPTER I BASIC POLICIESArticle 1 General ProvisionsSection 1.Short Title- This Act shall be known as the "Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000."Section 2.Declaration of Policies- It is hereby declared the policy of the State to adopt a systematic, comprehensive and ecological solidwaste management program which shall: (a) Ensure the protection of the public health andenvironment; (b) Utilize environmentally-sound methods that maximize the utilization of valuableresources and encourage resource conservation and recovery; (c) Set guidelines and targets for solidwaste avoidance and volume reduction through source reduction and waste minimization measures,including composting, recycling, re-use, recovery, green charcoal process, and others, before collection,treatment and disposal in appropriate and environmentally sound solid waste management facilities inaccordance with ecologically sustainable development principles; (d) Ensure the proper segregation,collection, transport, storage, treatment and disposal of solid waste through the formulation andadoption of the best environmental practice in ecological waste management excluding incineration; (e)Promote national research and development programs for improved solid waste management andresource conservation techniques, more effective institutional arrangement and indigenous and improved methods of waste reduction, collection, separation and recovery; (f) Encourage greaterprivate sector participation in solid waste management; (g) Retain primary enforcement andresponsibility of solid waste management with local government units while establishing a cooperativeeffort among the national government, other local government units, non- government organizations,and the private sector; (h) Encourage cooperation and self-regulation among waste generators throughthe application of market-based instruments; (i) Institutionalize public participation in the development and implementation of national and local integrated, comprehensive, and ecological waste management programs; and (j) Strength the integration of ecological solid waste management and resource conservation and recovery topics into the academic curricula of formal and non-formal education inorder to promote environmental awareness and action among the citizenry. Article 2 Definition of Terms Section 3.Definition of Terms- For the purposes of this Act: (a) Agricultural waste shall refer to waste generated from planting orharvesting of crops, trimming or pruning of plants and wastes or run-off materials from farms or fields;(b) Bulky wastes shall refer to waste materials which cannot be appropriately placed in separatecontainers because of either its bulky size, shape or other physical attributes. These include large worn-out or broken household, commercial, and industrial items such as furniture, lamps, bookcases, filingcabinets, and other similar items; (c) Bureau shall refer to the Environmental Management Bureau; (d)Buy-back center shall refer to a recycling center that purchases of otherwise accepts recyclablematerials from the public for the purpose of recycling such materials; (e) Collection shall refer to the actof removing solid waste from the source or from a communal storage point; (f) Composting shall refer tothe controlled decomposition of organic matter by micro-organisms, mainly bacteria and fungi, into ahumus-like product; (g) Consumer electronics shall refer to special waste that includes worn-out,broken, and other discarded items such as radios, stereos, and TV sets; (h) Controlled dump shall...
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