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Sociology the Science of Society

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Sociology the Science of Society

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  • August 14, 2011
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Sociology is the science of society. It is an attempt to account for the origin, growth, structure, and activities of society by the operation of physical, vital, and psychical causes working together in a process of evolution. The basic concept of sociology is the groups to which people belong and the social interaction that take place within those groups mostly shape the human behavior. Sociology appeared in answer to major changes related to social, economic, and political changes in the nineteenth century. One hundred years later the constant inequalities related to poverty and other types of social division and dramatic economic change, suggest that sociology still has a vital role in today’s world.

The value of sociology lies in the fact that it keeps us current on modern situations, contributes to the solution of community problems, and adds to the knowledge of the society. Sociology helps the individual find his/her relation to society. It identifies good government with community and helps one to understand the courses of things and so on. Sociology tells us how to become who we want to be.

History is past sociology and sociology is present history. History provides comparison and without comparisons, proper understanding would be impossible. History has a larger viewpoint in that it deals with the full scope of human interests and activities but it views human social activity as it is affected by past activity. Historians deal with the social past. History is an individualizing science while sociology is a generalizing science. History concentrates its attention on the study of socio-cultural phenomena that are unique and unrepeated. Sociology studies those properties that are repeated in time and space, in other words, the properties that are common to all socio-cultural phenomena – all wars, all nations, all revolutions, all religions, etc. Because of this generalizing quality, sociology differs profoundly form history. History looks to sociology...