Sociology the Science of Society

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Sociology is the science of society. It is an attempt to account for the origin, growth, structure, and activities of society by the operation of physical, vital, and psychical causes working together in a process of evolution. The basic concept of sociology is the groups to which people belong and the social interaction that take place within those groups mostly shape the human behavior. Sociology appeared in answer to major changes related to social, economic, and political changes in the nineteenth century. One hundred years later the constant inequalities related to poverty and other types of social division and dramatic economic change, suggest that sociology still has a vital role in today’s world.

The value of sociology lies in the fact that it keeps us current on modern situations, contributes to the solution of community problems, and adds to the knowledge of the society. Sociology helps the individual find his/her relation to society. It identifies good government with community and helps one to understand the courses of things and so on. Sociology tells us how to become who we want to be.

History is past sociology and sociology is present history. History provides comparison and without comparisons, proper understanding would be impossible. History has a larger viewpoint in that it deals with the full scope of human interests and activities but it views human social activity as it is affected by past activity. Historians deal with the social past. History is an individualizing science while sociology is a generalizing science. History concentrates its attention on the study of socio-cultural phenomena that are unique and unrepeated. Sociology studies those properties that are repeated in time and space, in other words, the properties that are common to all socio-cultural phenomena – all wars, all nations, all revolutions, all religions, etc. Because of this generalizing quality, sociology differs profoundly form history. History looks to sociology for a general view of the principles of social organization as the basis for the proper distribution of facts while sociology turns to history for some very significant data. The history that sociology employs is the “new history”. The following are examples of the uses which sociology has made of history. History has the ability to interpret the present. It validates social evolution, shows the reality of social change, and the appearance of cause and effect in social phenomena. History is a substitution for impossible experimentation. History has knowledge of the fact that all social effort must consider recent trends, the use of trends and tendencies to predict future effects, and concludes that progress must involve telic activity. History is used as a guide in determining the antecedents and consequences of social revolutions, and the provision of knowledge that is useful in stopping or preventing social revolutions. History is used in the presentation of social psychological data, facts concerning the development, role, and decadence of institutions, and the introduction of purpose and organization in social thought. It is also used to show how controlling ideas emerge, the significance of imagination, intellectual freedom, and establishing a foundation for sociological thought. History provides a show of the mechanics of the fulfillment of rituals and the portion of ideas in altering human conduct. The facts supplied by the new history are constantly growing in numbers and accuracy and increasingly by sociology in the future. Globalization is a process by which regional economies, societies, and cultures are combined through a global-spanning network of communication and trade. The term is also used to refer specifically to economic globalization, which is the integration of national economies with the international economy through trade, foreign direct investment, capital flows, migration, and the spread of technology. However, globalization is usually...
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