Sociology and Social Care

Topics: Sociology, Health care, Illness Pages: 10 (2824 words) Published: April 30, 2014
Unit 7:

Sociological Perspectives for
Health and Social Care

Unit code:

M/601/2402

QCF Level 3:

BTEC Nationals

Credit value:

5

Guided learning hours: 30
Aim and purpose
This unit aims to enable learners to gain an understanding of the different sociological approaches that can be used when studying and how these approaches can be used to study health and social care.

Unit introduction
Sociology is the study of society, and is a method of enquiry and explanation. In this unit learners will gain an understanding of sociology as a discipline and the different sociological perspectives. They will then consider the application of different sociological approaches to the understanding of a number of concepts within health and social care. This will include exploring the social dimension of health and illness. Sociologists argue that health and illness have two aspects to them. The first of these is biological, and there are clearly distinct states of discomfort, pain and abnormality that can be considered to be ill health. The second aspect, however, involves how the concepts of health and illness are themselves considered, and sociologists consider the cultural dimensions of these concepts. Learners will also examine health inequalities among different groups of people in society, and the range of explanations that sociologists have suggested for these inequalities. The unit will encourage learners to be reflective, and will be valuable to those learners intending to work with people in a caring capacity. It will also be useful for learners who intend to progress to study at a higher level. The sociological approach is embedded in several other units in the programme and is extended in Unit 19: Applied Sociological Perspectives for Health and Social Care.

Learning outcomes
On completion of this unit a learner should:

1

Understand sociological perspectives

2

Understand sociological approaches to health and social care.

Edexcel BTEC Level 3 Nationals specification in Health and Social Care – Issue 1 – June 2010 © Edexcel Limited 2010

1

Unit content
1 Understand sociological perspectives
Terminology: social structures, eg the family, education system, health care services; social diversity, eg social class, gender, culture, ethnicity, age, locality; socialisation, eg norms, values, beliefs, roles, status Principle sociological perspectives: functionalism, Marxism, feminism, interactionism, collectivism, postmodernism, ‘New Right’

2 Understand sociological approaches to health and social care Application of sociological perspectives to health and social care: understanding different concepts of health and ill health; understanding patterns and trends in health and illness among different social groupings Understanding different concepts of health and ill health: concepts of health (negative, positive, holistic, World Health Organization definition); models of health (biomedical, socio-medical); ill health (illness, disability, disease); the sick role; the clinical iceberg

Understanding patterns and trends in health and illness among different social groupings: measurement of health, eg morbidity rates, mortality rates, health events, disease incidence, disease prevalence, health surveillance; difficulties in measuring health; patterns and trends according to, eg social class, gender, ethnicity, age, locality; risk behaviour; sociological explanations (artefact, natural/social selection, cultural/ behavioural, materialist/structuralist)

2

Edexcel BTEC Level 3 Nationals specification in Health and Social Care – Issue 1 – June 2010 © Edexcel Limited 2010

Assessment and grading criteria
In order to pass this unit, the evidence that the learner presents for assessment needs to demonstrate that they can meet all the learning outcomes for the unit. The assessment criteria for a pass grade describe the level of achievement required to pass this unit.

Assessment and...
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