Introduction to Sociology
Multiple Choice: Choose the Best Possible Answer (.75 point each) 1. Which of the following is an example of interactional vandalism? a. Groups attack storeowners following a false arrest of a local resident. b. Police repeatedly hit a driver whose car had a broken taillight. c. Students vandalize campus or community property following a victorious football game. d. A student shouts out, “Hey teach’, lookin’ good today!” e. all of the above
2. Wearing a new suit to an interview is an example of:
a. controlled alertness
b. social status
c. impression management
d. social interaction
3. If a man stares at a woman, his attitude is likely perceived as innocent; if a woman stares at a man, she is likely seen as inviting. This difference in meaning is: a. a social gender rule
b. one way in which gender inequality is reinforced
c. one way in which gender equality is reinforced
d. a form of social control
e. a shared understanding
4. Studying what appears to be trivial everyday social behavior is: a. microsociology
d. conflict theory
5. Introductory sociology classes tend to have fairly large enrollments, perhaps over 100 students. On the other hand, graduate seminars have small enrollments, usually fewer than fifteen students. How does this difference in enrollment (Hint: Think Size) influence the dynamics of the different classes?
a. Students in the introductory classes are less likely to skip class because they want to spend time with all of their friends.
b. It is more acceptable, and less noticeable, to skip a graduate seminar because graduate students have many other responsibilities.
c. If a student skips the introductory class, it will have little or no effect on the class, whereas if a student skips the seminar, it will influence the class more. d. In the larger class, the professor makes a point to learn the students’ names because attendance is more important for freshmen than for graduate students. e. None of the above; enrollments do not influence classroom dynamics; only the professor can have such an impact.
6. Identify any two factors that play a role in group dynamics? a. Size and top-group affiliation
b. Leadership and group pressure
c. Networks and compliance
d. All of the above
e. None of the above
7. Milgram’s study demonstrated that even in extraordinary situations ordinary people will: a. conform to the directives of transformative leaders
b. resist authority
c. obey those in positions of power
d. exclude others
e. conform to the directives of transactional leaders
8. Social interaction is the:
a) process by which we act and react to those around us
b) process of socialization beginning at birth
c) expected behavior of a person occupying a particular social position d) social identity one has in a society
9. What term do sociologists use to refer to a group with an identifiable membership that engages in concerted collective actions to achieve a common purpose?
a. primary group
b. secondary group
10. Robert Michels saw that in large-scale organizations, and in societies dominated by such organizations, power is inevitably concentrated at the top. He called this the a. clan model.
b. iron law of oligarchy.
d. surveillance society.
e. insane asylum.
11. Communicating through plain, everyday language requires: a. knowing the people involved in the conversation
b. knowing and paying attention to the formal rules of grammar c. an array of complex, shared background understandings
d. simply stating what you think
12. How do Japanese corporations differ from the Weberian model followed by most business organizations in the West?
a. Japanese corporations use a collaborative model.
b. Employees in Japanese corporations specialize more.
c. There is less job security in Japan.
d. Japanese employees are more...
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