Sociology and Anthropology in the Philippine Business Environment

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A Research Paper
Presented to
Professor Alex Lazo
Department of Social Sciences and Humanities
San Beda College

In Partial Fulfillment
Of the Requirements in
Sociology and Anthropology in the Philippine Business Environment

Presented by:
CALING, Michael Allan M.

March 2, 2011
Gawad Kalinga (GK), which means to "give care" in Filipino, is officially known as the Gawad Kalinga Community Development Foundation, a Philippine-based poverty alleviation and nation-building movement. In the Philippines, Gawad Kalinga is building empowered communities by people with faith and patriotism; driven by a culture of caring and sharing, dedicated to eradicate poverty and restore human dignity.


1995: Hope Begins
Couples for Christ initiated its work with the poor in Bagong Silang, Caloocan City, the biggest slum in Metro Manila. The first youth camp for juvenile delinquents changed the lives of 127 gang members, the first seeds of the work that would eventually be called Gawad Kalinga.

1996 to 1999: Sacrifice and Perseverance
Social engineering began in Bagong Silang by providing training and education for gang members, and working with their families in beautifying community areas. The very first GK house was built for the Adduru family.

2000: Setting the Foundations
Gawad Kalinga Awards was launched, and 11 teams pioneered the first GK villages outside of Bagong Silang. Programs for shelter, child and youth development and health programs were started.
2002: First Major Partner
Inspired by the commitment of Singles for Christ members who raised funds and built 16 GK homes in Dumaguete City, Negros Oriental, Philippine President Gloria Arroyo allocated P30 million to build 1,000 GK homes. This was matched by local areas, and allowed GK to be replicated in key areas throughout the country.

2003: The Nation Responds
GK777, the vision of building 700,000 homes in 7,000 communities in 7 years was launched on October 4, 2003 at the first GK Expo in Fort Bonifacio, Taguig City. Former President Corazon Aquino declared that "GK is People Power," and rallied all sectors of society to engage with GK.

2004: The Tipping Point
Fr. Bienvenido Nebres champions GK in Ateneo. GK is able to bring both private and public sector to embrace the vision of a slum-free Philippines. Rival corporations and politicians rise above divisions and work together to transform communities.. GK in Indonesia began with an education program for the youth in Jakarta.

2005: GK Becomes a Nation-Building Movement
GK partnered with the National Disaster Coordinating Council, Department of Social Welfare and Development and 200 LGUs and launched a massive campaign to provide free land and build communities for typhoon victims. Through Kalinga Luzon and Kalinga Leyte, GK pioneered a template for rescue and rehabilitation of communities built by volunteers. The 1st GK Highway of Peace began and the first Muslim GK village was built in Datu Paglas, Maguindanao. The first GK house in Papua New Guinea was built at Gerehu Stage 6.

2006: Seeds of Sustainability
GK Bayan-anihan was started, seeking to restore productivity to the land and food sufficiency for GK residents. GK Mabuhay began to renew Filipino culture on the ground while transforming GK communities into tourist destinations. GK and Tony Meloto received the Community Leadership award from Ramon Magsaysay Foundation, Asia’s Nobel Peace Prize. Canadian government poured financial support to fund more GK villages.

2007: GK Expands Overseas
Singaporean President S.R. Nathan launched their feeding program on February 14 at GK Baseco, Tondo, Manila. GK Rafaella village in Phnom Penh, Cambodia was turned over to its local residents. British Minister of State Dr. Kim Howells visited GK Pinagsama and noted that the world was seeing “a new renaissance of the Filipino.”...
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