Sociology

Topics: Social class, Sociology, Social stratification Pages: 8 (2184 words) Published: June 6, 2013
Assignment of Sociology

Topic: Systems of Stratification

Submitted To:

Submitted By: Md. Sameer Siddique

Date of Submission: 02-08-2012

Table of content

Topic page 1. Background/definition………………………………….. 1

2. Characteristics of features ……………………………….2

3. Social inequality……………………………………….....2

4. Major stratification systems………………………… ...3-8

5. Conclusion………………………………………………..8

1. Background/ Definition of systems of stratification:
Stratification is a hierarchy of positions with regard to economic production which influences the social rewards to those in the positions. A structured ranking of entire groups of people that perpetuates unequal economic rewards and power in a society. These unequal rewards are evident not only in the distribution of wealth and economic, but even in the distressing morality rates of impoverished communities. Karl Marx

Karl Marx based his conflict theory on the idea that modern society has only two classes of people: the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. The bourgeoisie are the owners of the means of production: the factories, businesses, and equipment needed to produce wealth. The proletariat are the workers. Max Weber:

Max Weber took issue with Marx’s seemingly simplistic view of stratification. Weber argued that owning property, such as factories or equipment, is only part of what determines a person’s social class. Social class for Weber included power and prestige, in addition to property or wealth. People who run corporations without owning them still benefit from increased production and greater profits.

Moreover, word that stratification is a crucial subject of sociological investigation because of its pervasive influence on human interactions and institutions. It results inevitably in social inequality, because certain groups of people stand higher in social rankings, control scarce resources, wield power and receive special treatment. Stratification is usually based on three major premises:

a. Power: the ability to impose one’s will on others
b. Prestige: the respect given by others
c. Property: forms of wealth.

2. Characteristics or features of system of stratification:
There are four basic characteristics of system of stratification which are given below: I. Social stratification is a trait of society, not simply a function of individual differences. II. Social stratification persists over generations.

III. Social mobility may be upward, downward and horizontal. IV. Social stratification is universal but variable.
V. Social stratification involves not just but beliefs.

3. Social Inequality:
Some types of people systematically experience advantages in society while other types of people are systematically disadvantaged in our society a. Some members of our society are thought of as haves, and others are thought of as have-nots. b. The determination of who is socially advantaged and who is included among the ranks of the socially disadvantaged is based, in part, on certain characteristics these individuals possess and, in part, on how society values or devalues these characteristics Social inequality is a universal phenomenon in all societies. It can exist either in form of a hierarchy of groups or individuals or it may exist without the creation of a hierarchy. In the former case it is called social hierarchy. While in the latter case it is known as social differentiation for in almost all societies men and women are treated unequally. If social inequality manifests itself in the form of a hierarchy involving ranking of...
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