Socio-Economics Problems in India

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Socio-Economics Problems in India

By | October 2011
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Socio-economic issues in India
Overpopulation
India suffers from the problem of overpopulation. The population of india is very high- 345 million approx. [1][2][3] Though India ranks second in population, it ranks 33 in terms of population density below countries such as The Netherlands, South Korea and Japan. There is a lot of problems which arise due to such a large population. Problems such as unemployment , excessive pressure on environment, social infrastructure and the most important food availability.To cure this problem, Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India, had implemented a forced sterilization programme in the early 1970s but failed. Officially, men with two children or more had to submit to sterilization, but many unmarried young men, political opponents and ignorant, poor men were also believed to have been sterilized. This program is still remembered and criticized in India, and is blamed for creating a wrong public aversion to family planning, which hampered Government programmes for decades.[4]

Economic issues
1)Poverty
One-third of India's population (roughly equivalent to the entire population of the United States) lives below the poverty line and India is home to one-third of the world's poor people. Though the middle class has gained from recent positive economic developments, India suffers from substantial poverty. According to the new World Bank's estimates on poverty based on 2005 data, India has 456 million people, 41.6% of its population, living below the new international poverty line of $1.25 (PPP) per day. The World Bank further estimates that 33% of the global poor now reside in India. Moreover, India also has 828 million people, or 75.6% of the population living below $2 a day, compared to 72.2% for Sub-Saharan Africa.[5][6][7][8] Wealth distribution in India is fairly uneven, with the top 10% of income groups earning 33% of the income.[9] Despite significant economic progress, 1/4 of the nation's population earns less than...
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