Socio-Economic Problems of Pakistan

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SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROBLEMS OF PAKISTAN

Outline:

• Introduction
• Problems Faced By Pakistan At The Time Of Inception
• Current Scenario
• Social Problems
i) Poverty
ii) Illiteracy
iii) Overpopulation
iv) Unemployment
v) Child Labour
vi) Corruption
vii) Poor Social Sector Including Health, Safe Drinking Water, Sanitation And Basic Infrastructure viii) Women Are Not Empowered
ix) Human Rights Problem
x) Injustice
xi) Sectarianism, Extremism, And Target Killing
xii) Absence Of Rule Of Law
• Economic Problems
i) Economic Loss Due To War On Terrorism
ii) Energy Crisis
iii) Low FDI And Huge Debt Trap
iv) Poorly Managed Tax System
v) Low Export And High Import
vi) Inflation
vii) Influx Of Local People Fom War Ridden Areas And Their Rehabilitation viii) Lack Of Tourism
• Suggestions
i) Ensuring Equal Distribution Of Wealth.
ii) Dispensation Of Free And Quick Justice
iii) To Curb Corruption At All Levels
iv) The Curriculum Of Schools Need Be Reviewed
v) Health Care Be Provided To All Citizens
vi) Provision Of Equal Rights To All Citizens
vii) Poverty Alleviation Programmes Be Initiated
viii) Population Growth Be Controlled
ix) New Dams Should Be Built
x) New Industries Be Set Up To Provide Employment.
Conclusion
People are the essential pillar of any country. It is the fundamental duty and responsibility of the country to fulfil the basic needs of its people. Basic needs of man comprises of shelter, food and clothing. When these needs are not fulfilled they bring about problems termed as socio-economic problems. Pakistan has also been suffering from these problems. The real issue is not the presence of these problems in the society. But the extent to which they are being paid attention and solved. When these problems are not met timely and the grievances of the people are not redressed they turn out to be a menace for the country. They assert a negative impact on society. The society deprived of basic necessities of life is ignorant of its obligations towards the country. This results in deviant behaviour, drug abuse, smuggling, corruption, poverty, illiteracy and many other social evils. The country beset with social crises and problems fails to attract foreign investment. Low investment results in economic breakdown and causes decline in export, low MNCs business, tumbling stock market and inflation. 

Pakistan has been facing a lot social problems since its inception in 1947. In the start there were the problems of lack of funds, rehabilitation of refugees, poor infrastructure and widespread poverty of masses. Quaid-e-Azam tried his best to solve these problems and get the state machinery working. Owing to his sudden death he could not eradicate these problems completely. Unfortunately, leaders after him did not pay considerable attention towards the solution of various problems. Subsequently, the problems have grown with the passage of time and become social evils.

Pakistan is a developing country and faces all social problems that developing countries face along with political instability that aggravates the problems further. Currently, Pakistan has many challenges to face in the form of social and economic problems.

Poverty has been one of the biggest problems that Pakistan faces today. It is rightly said that poverty anywhere is a threat to prosperity everywhere. 70 per cent of the population of Pakistan live in villages. According to an analysis, poverty has increased roughly from 30% to 40% during the past decade. It means that 40 per cent of the country’s population is merely earning their livelihood below the poverty line. In such condition people are deprived of their basic necessities of life. Proper education and medication are becoming distant from them. They are forced to think of their survival only.

Perhaps the greatest loss comes in the field of education. The inadequacy of quality education renders our country incapable of dealing with the challenges of the 21st...
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