A. Significance of the Study
B. What is Poverty?
C. History of Poverty in the Philippines
D. Demographics of Poverty
II. Entrenched factors associated with poverty
A. Colonial Histories
B. Centralization of Power
E. Environmental degradation
F. Social Inequality
III. Lethal and Long-term Effect of Poverty
E. Substance/Drug Abuse
IV. Poverty Diminution/Reduction
A. Holistic Approach
B. Economic Liberalization
C. Good Institutions
“Indeed, if we consider the unblushing promises of reward and the staggering nature of the rewards promised in the Gospels, it would seem that Our Lord finds our desires, not too strong, but too weak. We are half-hearted creatures, fooling about with drink and sex and ambition when infinite joy is offered us, like an ignorant child who wants to go on making mud pies in a slum because he cannot imagine what is meant by the offer of a holiday at the sea.” 
Poverty is a condition in which a person or community is deprived of, or lacks the essentials for a minimum standard of well-being and life. Since poverty is understood in many senses, these essentials may be material resources such as food, safe drinking water, and shelter, or they may be social resources such as access to information, education, health care, social status, political power, or the opportunity to develop meaningful connections with other people in society.
Poverty may also be defined in relative terms. In this view income disparities or wealth disparities are seen as an indicator of poverty and the condition of poverty is linked to questions of scarcity and distribution of resources and power. Poverty is also a type of religious vow, a state that may be taken on voluntarily in keeping with practices of piety and the effort to come closer to God and the realm of spirit by denying the desires of the body.
Significance of the Study
The Philippines is one of the three countries granted exemption in 1995 from the removal of quantitative restriction (QR) on rice under Annex 5 of the World Trade Organization (WTO) agreement. Japan and South Korea are the other two countries. The exemption will expire on December 31, 2004. The primary objective of the paper is to
 C.S. Lewis, “The Jesus I Never Knew” by Philip Yancey, (Michigan: Zondervan Grand Rapids, 1995), p. 111
look at the possible poverty and distributional effects of the removal of the QR and the reduction in tariffs on rice imports. In particular, the paper attempts to analyze the following issues: (a) The causes and faces of poverty here in the Philippines (b) The alternative or accompanying policy/step does the government imply to stop the long-term effect of poverty in the Philippines. (c) The measures we have to take in order for us to lessen this poverty in our country. These are some critical issues that the government may have to address as it implements gauges for poverty diminution and reduction. 
What is Poverty?
Those looking for definitions of poverty are likely to find many, and even find specific poverty tests which are administered to determine statistics like world poverty or the number of children that are in an impoverished state. The term itself is somewhat slippery to define, and may have different meanings depending upon country of origin. It can usually be thought of as the state of lacking resources that would provide people with basic necessities, or that force people to go without certain needed things like three meals a day or shelter. Yet it ought to be understood that people can still have...
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