My name is john smith, I have been asked to write a report on a social issue for my access diploma in Social Science/Humanities, I have chosen to write this report on burglary. Within my report I am going to cover the facts and figures about burglaries, the top 5 items stolen, the physical and mental effects of having your home burgled, what you as homeowner/tenant and a community can do to prevent them.
Although legislation is due to change in regards to your rights to protect your own home, there is no definitive date as to when this will actually be implemented. As such, it is advisable that we consider the means by which we can deter burglars from our property, and the methods available to protect not only our homes but our own safety and mental state as well.
LIST OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION 3 - 4
TYPES OF BURGLARY 5 - 6
RIGHTS OF THE HOUSEOWNER 7 - 8
WAYS OF PROTECTING YOUR HOME 9 - 11
CONCLUSION 11 - 12
LIST OF TABLES & ILLUSTRATIONS
FIGURE 1 TRENDS IN DOMESTIC BURGLARY, 1981 TO 2011/12 4 FIGURE 2 POLICE RECORDED AND CSEW CRIMES 2011/12, BY CRIME TYPE 8
Burglary is defined as “the breaking into and illegal entry of a structure with intent to commit a crime”, Amy B. 2012.
In the UK there is an estimated burglary every 40 seconds. In 58% of them there was someone in the house at the time, 44% were committed in broad day light and 1 in 4 burglary victims will get burgled again. The top 5 items that are taken during these incidents are:- * cash
* small electrical items, such as cameras
As well as the financial aspect of having your possessions stolen there is also the mental trauma to the victim. The effects are very wide ranging, the victims can feel as if their security has also been stolen and can encounter the emotions of fear, anger, resentment, shame, grief and mood swings. “Half the people affected found that the experience was like a physical violation. Some never feel safe in their own home again and to take some measure of control back they have to move”, Blanca. 2011. FIGURE 1 Trends in domestic burglary, 1981 to 2011/12
The above chart shows the level of burglary in England and Wales for the last 30 years as you can see, throughout the 15 year it has went down, however it now seems to be steadying out.
TYPES OF BURGLARY
When most people think of burglary, the first thing that comes into their mind is a smash and grab; were an offender has broken their way into a home by smashing a window or breaking a door down then ransacking the premises. There is more to it than that.
A high number are committed by opportunists who will take advantage of a situation, for example doors and windows being left open, and will only take a couple of high value items and be gone within minutes.
There are also prowler’s who will be more complex and will have a good system of disposing of goods. They will watch your habits to see when you are least likely to be at home and will take a high volume of items, sometimes even going away to stash some then coming back for more.
You also can have burglars who have someone internal who will let them know when premises are vacant, such as when the occupant is on holiday. These type usually then proceed with a removal van being used and the full contents of the building are being stolen. This is not a common type but can be very traumatic. What is now becoming more common is when only car keys are taken. Due to improvements made over the years to car security, it is easier now to just get hold of the keys when stealing a car. One way this is being committed by burglars is by them going around a neighbourhood checking through letterboxes to identify car keys that are left near the front door, then using a long stick to retrieve...