The social impact punishment has on society has been a great one especially, with the rising prison costs. Millions of dollars each year is spent to house and build prisons which impact society greatly. Punishment also affects economic institutions in society by removing people who bring money to families and the society. Another way punishment impacted society is by disrupting families. Punishment weakens family ties by removing men from families, reducing the supply of marriageable men. This makes families less effective as socializing agents and less able to supervise teenage children. Most children raised in single parent homes are less likely to graduate high school and more likely to result in crime which results in them entering into the criminal justice system early on.
The social impact rehabilitation has on society is that it gives the offender a second chance to enter into society after rehabilitation. Society may fear the offender may result back to crime. The cost of rehabilitation is much higher than normal incarceration according to the criminal justice institute. If rehabilitation succeeds it can prevent criminals from becoming habitual felons, then jails would be less crowded, and hardcore criminals can serve their time instead of being paroled to free up beds for incoming prisoners. True rehabilitation will put society at ease by creating good citizen where criminals once were.
The social impact of punishment and rehabilitation varies from the increasing costs of correctional facilities to the disruption of families to the fear of criminals released into community. Society's view plays a major role in the criminal justice system. Society's belief's in the "just desserts" theory has played a role in the courts. The increase of correctional facilities is also related to society's impact on punishment versus rehabilitation
Steven Cotterman, (2007). Once a Criminal, Always a Criminal....