Soc 300 Final Exam

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Soc 300 Final Exam

Sociology of Developing Countries
Professor Crystal Jagodzinska
March 13, 2013

 
 
 
Sociology of Developing Countries – SOC 300
 
 Test-Final
 
Definitions 10 point each
 
1) Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM)
An Index of women’s political and economic empowerment based on their representation in parliament, average income, and their percentage of jobs in administration, management the professions, and technical jobs relative to men.

 
2) Collective farming
Joint farming activity involving a peasant community, state farm, or cooperative of some sort, collective farms are created (usually by the state) by merging formerly private farms into larger units.  

3) Clientelism
The dispensing of public resources by political power holders or seekers who offer them as favors in exchange for votes or other forms of public support.  
4) Relative deprivation
The gap between an individual’s or group’s expectation or desires and their actual achievement.  
Essays
 
1) Explain the five Arguments for Agrarian Reform. Explain the two Arguments against Agrarian Reform.70points By definition Agrarian Reforms means the “distribution of farmland to need peasant along with the government support programs such as roads, technical assistance, and lines of credit needed to make beneficiaries economically viable.(H. Handleman,pg.311). There are five arguments toward Agrarian reform, Social Justice and Equality, Political Stability, Productivity, Economic Growth, and Environmental Preservation. Many analysts agree that Social Justice and Equality is severely needed the of third world countries, because the millions of rural families who farm the land are “trapped in a web of poverty, malnutrition, and illiteracy from which few escape (H. Handleman, pg.173).” For those living in such conditions Agrarian Reform in a step toward political and socioeconomic justice. Political Stability is another argument toward Agrarian...
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