Discuss the changes in rural areas and their impact on gender. Is modernization and development the answer?
Poverty is highly found in rural areas where there is a lack of education, healthcare, limits access of choices, and numerous challenges for its habitants. A major cause of poverty among India’s rural people is the lack of access to productive assets and financial resources as well as high levels of illiteracy. According to International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) women in general are the most disadvantaged people in Indian society, though their status varies significantly according to their social and ethnic backgrounds. Rural areas in India have experiences many socio - economic changes. As incomes from agriculture decrease, rural households are forced to develop new and more complex livelihood strategies that include both agricultural and non-agricultural incomes. This essay will analyze the changes in rural areas and their impact on gender, as well as, the implications of modernization and development to the changes. This essay also addresses the implications of age, youth and gender have in regards to power in India. The changes that are happening in rural areas are very important. This is because the countries which have high percentage of rural population tend to be the poorest due to the fact that, the majority of the population lives in rural areas. For instance, the Census 2001 in India indicates that, at all India level, the total population consists of 37.1% rural males, 35.08 % rural females, 14.64 % urban males and 13.18 % urban females. Rural women play a key role in supporting their households and communities in achieving food and nutrition security, generating income, and improving rural livelihoods and overall well-being. Yet, every day, around the world, rural women and girls face persistent structural constraints that prevent them from enjoying their human rights and hamper their efforts to improve their lives. Rural...
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