"Refuge of the unfortunate, prisoner release, soft lap of the hopeless, the weary, the bereaved. First and foremost of all the nice features of nature and delight. Happiness coming upon man when anxiety and passion of the day is over. " Tristram Shandy
The sleep state is defined as a reversible behavior accompanied by a perception disconnection state (Patrick Ealy. - 2009). In brief, sleep and rest is a common activity in humans. It is striking how even an individual´s typically rigid behavior changes to get out of quiet desperation and entering into dreams as a colorful world, without ties or limitations to time and logic (Augusto Enriquez.- 2007). In these times of high pressure, sleeping becomes one of the most enjoyable and pleasant moments of a typical day. Unfortunately not everybody can enjoy this state. Ordinary people spend about one third of their lives sleeping (Lorena Lopez Soto. 2010). This means that a person of 60 years has already spent 20 years asleep. “Living is not only existing; it is existing and creating, enjoying and suffering, and knowing not dreamless sleep. Rest is starting to die. "- Gregorio Marañon Probably a large percentage of people with sleeping disorders would disagree with this quote since the "no rest" is even worse. Simply, your body never manages to give one hundred percent in any activity. But what are sleep disorders? They are a huge group of conditions that affect the normal development of the sleep cycle. Some disorders are very serious and can interfere with physical, psychological, and mental functioning. In this paper, I will try to explain the causes of and solutions to the existence of sleep disorders. My point of focus will be to answer the question that many have been asking. Is modern life destroying us, and if so, are the most developed countries the most affected population for sleeping disorders? Today´s society is like a time bomb waiting to self-destruct, thus I have a theory that stress is the cause of many sleepless nights. In order to test my theory, I have decided to investigate the three following sleep disorders: insomnia and sleepwalking, which are quite common, and "night eating syndrome" which is not as common. I will then combine and cover the medical and cultural reasons for them, as well as their consequences and cures, with the purpose of answering my thesis.
Before starting to explain what sleepwalking is and why it occurs, it is necessary to explain the sleep stages humans experience. This is to give the reader some background knowledge so they have a better understanding of when issues arise and ultimately lead to sleep disorders. 1. NREM1 (Non-Rapid Eye Movement sleep): numbness occurs during this phase which is mostly the first thing we do when we go to bed and attempt to sleep. During this stage, many thoughts run through our minds before sleeping. 2. Light Sleep phase: at this stage our overall body is at absolute rest. The pulsations of the heart are extremely low, as well as our breaths. The movement of our body is so low that our brain sends a kind of impulse to verify that we are still alive. That's when we have that sensation of being jolted during our sleep. 3. REM (Rapid Eye Movement sleep): Our eyes move quickly and our neurons work as if we are awake. Waking up during this stage of sleep is much easier, so this is a signal that the body is not completely asleep. 4. NREM (Non-Rapid Eye Movement sleep): this is the part where we sleep more deeply. Upon waking up during this phase, we have the chance to remember what we dream. The dreams during this stage are often quite elaborate. Phase 3 REM and Phase 4 NREM are those stages that help the body rest. A person who got fewer hours of sleep the night before can have a more efficient rest the next night because he or she reaches these points earlier on in the process. Most...