The region is located at the central part of the country between longitude 330 27 55 and 35026" East also 3052 and 7039 South of Equator. The regional bounds six region namely Arusha in the north Dodoma (east) Mbeya and Iringa (South) and Tabora and Shinyanga in the north and North West respectively.
The region has 49.342 sq Kms divided in three (3) districts, which are Iramba, Singida and Manyoni. It is further divided into division and wards. There are 21 divisions, 85wards and 346 villages.
The region receives rainfall of between 500 mm and 800 mm per annum. Rain season commences in November to April. The dry season covers all months from May to October. The region forms part of the semi- arid central zone of Tanzania which experiences low rainfall and short rainy seasons which are often erratic with fairly wide spread drought in one year out of four. Total rainfall ranges from 500mm to 800mm per annum with high geographical, seasonal and annual variation. There are two rather well defined seasons, the short rainy season during the months of December to March or sometimes goes to April and the long dry season from April to November. The wetter areas in Singida region are along the escarpment near Kiomboi in Iramba district and in the south-west of Manyoni district near Rungwa, where the long -term mean annual rainfall exceeds 800mm.The mean annual rainfall is in the range of 600mm to 800mm over large areas of Iramba and Singida districts. On the eastern side of Manyoni district near the Bahi Swamp and the Rift Valley depression of Mgori and Shelui divisions lies the drier area in the region where the mean annual rainfall is less than 550mm. The regional mean annual average rainfall is 700mm. The temperatures in the region vary according to altitude but generally range from about 15°C in July to 30°C during the month of October. Moreover, temperature differences are observed between day and...