POPULATION POLICIES: SINGAPORE
After Independence in 1965, the population of the country was growing at a rate that would seriously threaten the success of Singapore. The Government introduced the "Stop at two" policy to help control the rapid population growth. It was introduced in 1969. The policy had a very successful response; in fact, it was so successful that the population started to decline. Couples saw the benefits in having a smaller family, such as more money, higher quality of life and cars. The population increase stayed low. Women started to pursue careers before having children. With a rise in University graduated women failing to marry and bear children, the policy "three or more, if you can afford it" was introduced because the Singaporean government saw this as a social problem. It was introduced in 1986. Singapore's population consists of 4,553,009 people. 2,222,757 of these are men and 2,330,252 are women. The total sex ratio is 0.954:1 men: women. 15.2% of the population are aged between 0-14, 76.3% are aged 15-64, and 8.5% are aged 65+. The average age for the people in Singapore is 37.8 years old. The total fertility rate is 1.07 children per woman after the policy was put into place. Before the policy was put into place, women were having 6 children on average.
Why was the policy introduced?
The Singaporean government introduced a 'stop at two' policy, to help slow down the rapid population growth of Singapore in 1969. The government introduced this policy because they saw population growth as a threat to the living standards in Singapore, as children would pack school and medical facilities. Women were having 6 children on average. The policy had a very positive response, not only did it make the population growth decline, it declined so much, that the population started to decrease. Now Singapore was faced with an Aging Population. Couple in Singapore saw the benefits of having a smaller family through 'Family Planning,' which educated couples about having a family and children. Benefits such as more money, having a higher quality of life and cars became apparent to young couples. Women started to pursue careers before having children.
Problems of the policy.
* The policy introduced many problems, such as women pursuing careers before having children. Because of this policy, Singapore faced an aging population and had to introduce another policy to correct its mistakes. Furthermore, University graduated women failed to marry and bear children. University graduated men had to settle for less educated women, which was seen as a problem in Singapore. In 1986, a new policy was introduced, after Singapore saw that their population wasn't reproducing. This policy was called 'three or more, if you can afford it,' which encouraged young couples to have more children, if they could afford it. The government introduced this policy because statistics told them that if nothing was done about the aging population, by 2030, one in five people would be over 65. They also wanted to increase the population growth as it was very low when the 'stop at two' policy was put into place. The policy has been described as 'population rejuvenation'. Its goal was to address the aging of Singapore, which was threatening the country's quality of life. * The campaign was extremely successful. The number of births was around 50,000 after it was introduced. It eliminated the social problems, which were introduced in the 'stop at two' policy. Despite this, people have argued that it isn't enough to make a substantial difference to the population of Singapore. * There is still room for improvement in this policy. The Singaporean Government is already giving couples with multiple children lots of benefits. The most valuable of these is an S$20,000 (AU$15,500) rebate for couples having a fourth child. I would introduce a larger rebate for larger families, as S$20,000 would not be enough to take care of four or...
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