Shah Walli Ullah

Topics: Islam, Qur'an, Muhammad Pages: 8 (2663 words) Published: September 14, 2013
Shah Wali Ullah – 1703 - 1762
1. Introduction
2. Tribulations of Society at his time
3. Results of Tribulations
General Ignorance of Islam
Sectarianism Conflict
Undue burden on Exchequer
Poor Understanding of Quran
Heavy Taxation
Petticoat Government influence
Political Thread to Muslim rule by marhatas and Sikhs
4. Shah Wali Ullah Religious Services
Preaching of Religion
Emphasizing on Sunnah
Resistance sectarianism
Translation of Qur’an in Persian
Balance between four School of thoughts
School for Hadith (MAdrassa-e-Rahimia)
Reintroduction of Ijtehad
Social and Moral regeneration
Importance of Jihad
5. Shah Wali Ullah Economic Services
Heavy Taxation
Equal Distribution of Wealth
6. Shah Wali Ullah Political Services
Rise of Marhatas and Sikhs
Letters to Leading Muslims Nobles
Ahmad Shah Abdali and 3rd Battle of Panipat 1761
7. Conclusion
Shah Waliullah Dehlavi
Indian religious leader Shah Waliullah Dehlavi (1703-1762) was an influential Islamic reformer who sought to regenerate Muslim society in Asia. A prolific writer, he produced 51 important Islamic texts. Through his writings and his teachings, as well as the life he led, Shah Waliullah Dehlavi inspired subsequent generations of Islamic followers who carried on his reformation mission after his death. Today people consider his writings to represent his most important achievement, especially his translation of the Holy Quran into a popular language, which made that religious text more accessible to a greater number of people. Shah Waliullah Dehlavi was born on February 21, 1703, in the town of Phulat in Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India, as the reign of Aurangzeb, the Mughal emperor of India, was nearing its end. (Four years later, Aurangzeb died.) He was born as Qutb-ud-Din, but he would come to be better known as Shah Waliullah, an appellation that indicated his inherent goodness and spirituality. His grandfather, Sheikh Wajihuddin, was a highranking military officer in the army of Shah Jahan, who sided with Prince Aurangzeb in the war of succession. His father, Shah Abdur Rahim, was a Sufi and an illustrious scholar who helped compile the Fataawa-i-Alamgiri, the huge written work of Islamic law. He taught at the Madrassa-iRahimiya, a theological college, or seminary, that he helped establish. The institution would become an important part of the religious emancipation of Muslim India, as it provided a starting point for later religious reformers. Precocious Scholar

Shah Waliullah received his basic education from his grandfather, but his father later provided him with his academic and spiritual education. When he was only five years old, Shah Waliullah was introduced to Islamic education. Two years later he could recite the Holy Quran. Obviously, he was a precocious scholar. He was only ten years old when he was able to read from the Interpretation by Ja'mi, an acclaimed grammar book. Around this time he also gained knowledge of Tafseer, Hadith, spiritualism, mysticism, metaphysics, logic, and Ilm-ul-Kalam. Once introduced to Persian and Arabic languages, he was able to complete his lessons in one year. After that he concentrated on grammar and syntax. On top of all that, he studied medicine. After his father died, Shah Waliullah, who was then 17 years old, became an educator at the Madrassa-i-Rahimiya. He taught there for 12 years, providing guidance to fellow Muslims on their spirituality and reformation. A deeply devout person, Shah Waliullah adhered to the Islamic custom of offering prayer five times a day. The Madrassa-iRahimiya would become the center of the Islamic Renaissance in the Indian subcontinent, as it attracted scholars from all parts of the country. After their training, they carried the seminary's teaching throughout the region. Experienced Vision in Arabia

In 1730 Shah Waliullah went on to pursue higher studies in Arabia. He studied at Makkah and...
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