Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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Sexually transmitted diseases

For my research paper I decided to write on sexually transmitted diseases because it seems that we are hearing more and more about them. They are becoming more of a problem in the United States and it is fair to say that they are not going to go a way for a long time, if even at all. Sexually transmitted diseases can change a person’s life and even kill them. If a person wants to be sexually active they must understand the risks that are involved and how they can protect themselves. The first sexually transmitted disease that I want to talk about is chlamydia. Chlamydia, first of all, is a bacteria. The chance of being infected with chlamydia is very high among teenagers and young adults due to sexual activity. Chlamydia is transmitted through sexual contact, mainly vaginal or anal. It also has to be transmitted by someone that has been infected. Many people that have chlamydia do not even know they are infected, because they do not show any symptoms. To be exact, according to Engender Health, “there are about 75% of infected women and half of infected men have no symptoms of chlamydia.” The risk of a person becoming infected is very high if the person is engaging in unsafe sex, having sex with more than one partner, and being in a sexual relationship with someone who has multiple sex partners. To protect yourself and reduce your risk one should use condoms during sex, and limit your number of sex partners. (Engender Health) The symptoms one can have from being infected with chlamydia can very since they don’t show at times. In women, symptoms of chlamydia can be: an unusual vaginal discharge, bleeding after intercourse, bleeding between menstrual periods, and abdominal or pelvic pain. In men, symptoms of chlamydia include: discharge from the penis, burning with urination, and swollen and painful testicles. Even if you don’t have symptoms you should be tested if you are in a high risk group. Tests are done with either a urine sample, a sample obtained from a woman's cervix, or a man's urethra using a cotton swab. (Engender Health) If you are infected with chlamydia it can be easily treated and cured with antibiotics. It is very important to make sure your sexual partner also receives treatment to prevent getting infected again. Also, avoid having sex while being treated to reduce your chances of getting the infection again or transmitting it to someone else. (Engender Health) The second Sexually Transmitted Disease that I would like to talk about is genital warts. The human papilloma virus causes genital warts. The virus causes wart-like bumps that form on the penis, and around the vagina, on the cervix, and around the anus. The virus is passed by skin-to-skin contact between people during anal, vaginal, and oral sex. You can even pass the virus to your sexual partner when you don't have warts that you can see. (DPH) Like chlamydia, not all with the genital wart virus have signs of disease. Sometimes special tests are needed to detect the wart virus. For most people with genital warts it is only a bother, and they can be treated if you want. If a woman has warts on her cervix it can be a problem. It could cause her to have a pap smear that is not normal and could lead to cancer. For this reason, women with warts on the cervix should have a pap smear test every six months. Men and women who have warts on the anus should have an exam every year. If you have genital warts you should see a physician, have your sex partner seen and treated by a physician. There is only about one form of treatment for people with genital warts. The first is to have a physician put a cold liquid chemical on the warts to remove them. This type of treatment may require you to come back more than once to have the wart totally removed. However, even after treatment the warts may return. This is because the virus stays in your skin once you are infected. (DPH) To avoid...
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