Scientfic Management

Topics: Science, Theory, Experiment Pages: 2 (510 words) Published: September 25, 2013
Scientific management is a theory of management that began with Frederick Winslow Taylor in the 1880s and 1890s his theory examined and manufactured workflows. His main theory’s objective was improving economic efficiency, especially labour productivity. It was one of the earliest attempts to apply science to the engineering of processes and to management. Its peak of influence that came not too many years after he put forward his theory was still dominant but had begun an era of competition with opposing or so called complementary ideas. Frederick’s theory of scientific management was known to emphasize careful selection and training of workers as well as controlling support. As it can develop for every job a knowledge that includes rules of motion, standardized work processes and proper working conditions. This was only thrived on if organizations or companies such as a fitness companies e.g. ‘Fitness First’ carefully selected and professionally trained their workers so that they could assure and be satisfied that the workers had the right abilities for the job and to combat that were supported by carefully planning their work to create a smooth ride along the way. Although since other theories have been put forward it doesn’t necessarily mean that Frederick’s theory is 100% true as it depends on the application you use the theory for because different industries use different methods for different strengths. Frederick’s theory proposed an application that by optimizing and simplifying jobs, productivity would increase. He also advanced the idea that workers and managers needed to cooperate with one another. This application was very different from the way work was typically done in businesses beforehand as it was known to have the factory manager having very little contact with the workers, and found left on their own to produce the necessary product. There was no standardization, and a worker's main motivation was often continued employment, so...
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