Axia College of University of Phoenix
As the world continues to grow and third world countries continue to industrialize, energy consumption has become a growing concern. Every aspect of our daily routines require the use of some sort of energy, if it is gas for transportation, electricity to heat our homes or a combination used in manufacturing of goods. The majority of energy is generated from nonrenewable resources such as coil, oil and natural gas, and nuclear energy. These resources come from the earth, which require many years to replenish the source. The consumption of these resources is astronomical but also has an adverse effect to our planet. Every vehicle, factory, electric plant produces pollutants from its energy sources that are causing global warming. These two factors, consumption and effects to our environment have become the focus of conservation. According to Berg and Hager (2007) energy conservation is intended to save energy for future use while it allows us to explore more energy-efficient technologies. (p.18.4).
Without conservation the world’s population will consume the natural resources and destroy the environment and atmosphere while doing so; therefore, we must improve on conserving what we generate while finding efficient ways to sustain our environment and produce maintainable energy. I will review factors that contribute to or affected by energy consumption, and what impact humans have had on the issue. I will evaluate some current strategies and solutions and provide a plan to reach sustainability. I will outline the benefits and challenges presented with the plan while reviewing the governments, society and global involvement to the plan.
Population growth and industrialization are the two strongest contributing factors to energy consumption in the world. While the world population has grown, industrialized nations consume the most energy. According to World Population Balance Organization, (WPBO), (2008), the United States consumes 23% more energy than any other nation. (¶ 4). The below table will illustrate nations consumption rate compared to its population.
World Comparison of Energy Consumption compared to population.
Note: from World Population Balance Organization, (2007), (p.1).
Clearly, the United States uses far more energy than any other industrialized nation. The U.S. has experienced economic, population and industry growth creating a greater need for goods, transportation and personal usage. According to The Need Organization, (TNO), 33% of energy used is in industry, 39% for residential and commercial usage, and 28% on transportation. (p. 44). The WPBO, (2008) states that for every U.S. dollar spent it uses an equivalent of one half liter of burned fuel to produce what that dollar buys. (p.2).
For decades, humans have mined for coal, drilled for oil and natural gas and produce nuclear energy to meet the needs of society. This has created a global concern now because we are depleting our natural resources quicker than they can be replenished, and the way we use these resources have caused significant damage to the atmosphere.
On the positive side, humans now realize the importance of finding alternative energy resources that is less harmful to the environment. By conserving the energy we produce from these nonrenewable resources, we will be able to explore new technologies while preserving our environment for future generations. We know it will take time and ingenuity, but we can reverse the damage we have caused.
Current Sustainability Strategies and Solutions
Currently there are many strategies and solutions that are in place to reduce the consumption of energy; for instance, the development of renewable resources such as wind and biomass. These resources can be productive but future...