University of Phoenix
October 20, 2008
Schizophrenia translates as split mind and the psychological changes can be so profound that the affected individual is thrust into a world that bears little resemblance to everyday experience. The person with schizophrenia lives in an internal world marked by thought processes that have gone awry; delusions, hallucinations, and generally disordered thinking become the norm.
Hansell and Damour (2005) states:
Psychosis is a state of being profoundly out of touch with reality. Psychotic individuals may experience hallucinations and/ or delusions (p.393). Psychosis can occur in many mental disorders, and is most frequently associated with schizophrenia (p.398).
Hansell and Damour (2005) also states:
The effort to define what constitutes psychological normality and abnormality in developing children has given a rise to field within abnormal psychology known as developmental psychopathology which aims to "understand troublesome behavior in light of the developmental tasks, sequences, and processes that characterize human growth" (p.438).
Define Major DSM-IV-TR Categories
"Schizophrenia is actually a group or class of disorders. There are different subtypes of schizophrenia, defined by different DSM-IV criteria, but each case is identified with some kind of fundamental disturbance in thought processes, emotion, or behavior" (Nairne, 2003, p.509). The subtypes of schizophrenia are indifferentiated, catatonic, paranoid, and disorganized.
"Psychosis can be divided into two broad classes: manic-depressive psychosis (now called bipolar disorder) and dementia praecox" (Hansell & Damour, 2005, p.395).
Life Span Development
The most prominent DSM-IV-TR childhood disorders are mental retardation, learning disorders, pervasive developmental disorders, attention deficit and disruptive behavior disorders, and separation... [continues]
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