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Thinking Tools
Robert Alan Black, Ph.D., CSP Cre8ng People, Places & Possibilities alan@cre8ng.com http://www.cre8ng.com 706-353-3387

Divergent & Convergent

Sample Forced Relationships
This is an idea generating technique that appears in many books about creative thinking and creative thinking or innovation tools. First Step choose something totally unrelated to the problem or challenge You or your group are working on. Second Step List everything you or your group know about it. (Who? What? When? Where? Why? How?… physical, visual, tactile,…all senses, good and bad) Third Step List everything you or your group know about your problem or challenge. (WWWWWH…and using all the senses) Fourth Step Take items/details/aspects from the first list and FORCE FIT them to features Or details from the second list. Your goal is to see if the features from The randomly chosen, unrelated thing/animal sparks ideas for improving, Changing, correcting features of the problem. A traditional example or warm-up for doing this consists of… 1st. Ask the person or group to write everything they know about a canary (or a bird in their country. 2nd. Ask the person or group to write everything they know about the chair they are sitting in. 3rd. Then I ask them to combine (FORCE FIT or make a FORCED Relationship) one item from the canary list with The chair’s list with the goal to improve, change, correct the chair design or to generate ideas for designing the ultimate chair.

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Divergent Thinking Tool
Robert Alan Black, Ph.D., CSP Cre8ng People, Places & Possibilities

Feathers-Soft + chair is hard = make seat soft Yellow + chair is ship gray = add color

alan@cre8ng.com http://www.cre8ng.com 706-353-3387

Idea Grids
First Step With this Cre8ng Tool we first generate 12 to 24 ideas through Brainstorming or any other technique. Second Step Then draw a grid made up of as many vertical and horizontal Cells as you have ideas. Third Step Combine the ideas on the vertical side of the grid With the ideas on the horizontal side one by one and write them into the separate boxes where the two ideas meet.. 6 ideas can Then produce 36 ideas, 12 can produce 24, 100 - 10,000 Fourth Step Read over the ideas you have produced and select the best To work on to turn them into HOT SOLUTIONS to use.

Sample Idea 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Idea 2

Ideas 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

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Idea 4

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Vertical 2 = make the chair out of wood Horizontal 4 = make the color changeable Ideas might be….cover, removable film or skin

Divergent Thinking Tool
Robert Alan Black, Ph.D., CSP Cre8ng People, Places & Possibilities

alan@cre8ng.com http://www.cre8ng.com 706-353-3387

S.C.A.M.P.E.R.

CHECKLISTING

S.C.A.M.P.E.R. is a form of CHECKLIST. A CHECKLLIST is a prepared list of words, verbs, questions that you can use that can spark new ideas, change your thinking or your point of view or even you mood and the direction your thinking at the moment and take you into many directions. S.C.A.M.P.E.R. was created by Bob Eberle, teacher/educational consultant in the 1970 s to teach the concept of CHECKLISTING to school children by using a memory device (acronym) that they could easily remember when they needed to generate new ideas or remember existing or past ideas. It is used as the foundation for Michael Michalko’s excellent Creative Thinking Tools book…THINKERTOYS. First Step Write out the word S.C.A.M.P.E.R. vertically on a piece of paper or on a flip chart/chalkboard or other surface that the group can see. Second Step Write out what the 7 letters stand for. Third Step Then use each of the 7 by asking questions using these verbs to improve/change/revise your challenge or problem to generate potential ideas and solutions. Fourth Step Read over the ideas you have produced and select the best To work on to turn them into HOT SOLUTIONS to use.

Sample
S. = substitute C. = combine A. = adapt, adopt M. = minify, magnify P. = put to other uses E. = eliminate R....
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