Saudi Arabia: United States Relation
INT 301- International Relations
February 28, 2007
The United States of America is well known country for the people around the world. It’s well known for its wealth, its business opportunities, movie industry, and many others things. On the other side, many people do not even recognize Saudi Arabia. For them it is only poor country in the Middle East where dominates Muslims religion. It seems that these countries are very different, maybe that they are the exact opposites. Even though these countries have nothing in common, they are cooperating in many areas. The relationship of these two countries has been getting stronger over decades. It might seem suspicion that the big and wealthy country such as the United States of America is cooperating with the small country Saudi Arabia. On the other side for the United States of America, Saudi Arabia has become an important county for many reasons. Behind endeavor of the US to developed cooperation and good relationship with Saudi Arabia, is not only to provide help to that region but ensuring their self interest at the first place.
Saudi Arabia is a hometown of Islam and two holies shrines which is Mecca and Medina. The official title of the king is the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques. The modern Saudi state was recognized by ABD AL-AZIZ bin Abd al-Rahman AL SAUD in 1932 as a cause of thirty years campaign to unite most of Arabian Peninsula .After the invasion of Iraq to Kuwait, Saudi Arabia accepted Kuwaiti Royal family and 400,000 refugees and permit Western and Arab troops to deploy on its soil for liberation of Kuwait. This liberation had become a conflict between royal family and public until the US troops left the country in 2003. Major terrorist attack which happened in May and November 2003 resulted in the campaign against terrorism and extremists. The country has become a leading producer of oil and natural gas. It actually holds one quarter of world reserves. This country has pursued its economic reform and promoted foreign investment mainly since its accession to WTO in December 2005. The Saudi Arabia has an oil based economy where the government controls major economic activities. GDP per capita was $13,800 in 2006. Moreover, the area of Saudi Arabia represents one fifth of the size of the United States of America. Its dominant religion is Muslim (CIA, 2007a). The United States of America was recognized in 1776 after Britain’s American colonies broke with the mother country following the Treaty of Paris in 1783. As the nation expanded through the North American continent, 37 new states were added to the original amount of 13 states. Civil War (1861-65) and Great Depression in 1930 was the two major events which affects this country. Due to World War I, World War II, and Cold war, the United States of America has become the most powerful nation state. The economy growths, unemployment and inflation are low. This country has one of the most powerful economies with a per capita GDP of $43,500. Majority of Americans are protestant 52%, followed by Roman Catholic 24%, Mormon 2%, Jewish 1%, and Muslim (CIA, 2007b). If these countries are compared it seems they do not have anything common. The United States of America has a much large area and much higher per capita GDP. Moreover, the political regime is different and their citizens have different religions. Despite these differences, it is the self interest of the United States of America to cooperate with Saudi Arabia.
The United States of America started to cooperate with Saudi Arabia as soon as it found out that this cooperation would be very beneficial for the country. The US cooperation with Saudi Arabia started when Saudi Arabia found its oil reserves. To illustrate, “By the early 1940s, the extent of Saudi oil resources had become known, and the United States petroleum companies that...
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