Sat Notes

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Interesting Questions: 1. Not very particular in (about) nesting sites, house wrens may nest in birdhouses, mailboxes, building crevices – even in the pockets of hanging laundry. (2006.5.6.28) Explanation: 28. A. "particular in" should be "particular about." The sentence is suggesting that house wrens are not very particular--not very fussy, selective, fastidious [hard to please], as in A person very particular about his food--ABOUT their nesting sites; that is to say, they may nest in "birdhouses, mailboxes, building crevices," etc. These birds are not very particular about where to nest. 2. Opposite to (It should be “Unlike”, or “Opposite of”, in which case “Opposite” becomes a noun) most people I know, Annie, a good photographer herself, actually enjoys seeing the photographs that her friends take on their vacations. (2006.5.6.26) 26. A. "Opposite" can't be used to describe people, only locations and abstract things. Use unlike instead. 3. At the reception were the chattering guests, the three-tiered cake, and the lively music that have become characteristic of many wedding celebrations. (2006.5.6.29) Explanation: 29. E, No error. I assume the point of interest here is answer choice D, "characteristic of." "characteristic" here is an adjective, and is similar to "typical": That is very typical of you. Red and green are colors that are characteristic of Christmas time. Colorful leaves, chilly weather, and hoodies are characteristic of autumn. Of course you can use "characteristic" as a noun: These are several characteristics of autumn. But the adjectival form is different. Try looking up "are characteristic of" (with the quotation marks) on Google to see how the adjectival form is used. 4. From about A.D. 700 to 1600, sculptors created nearly 1,000 colossal rock statues on the remote and tiny Easter Island. Present perfect: ENGLISH PAGE - Present Perfect Past perfect: ENGLISH PAGE - Past Perfect (E) No error 1) "From" is correct because it introduces a starting point in the past (A.D. 700). 2) "Created" is correct because the simple past focuses on the event itself. The past perfect "had created" does not. When you say "I have prepared," we do not care about the act itself; we care about the fact that you are STILL prepared in the present, otherwise we would have said "I prepared." Also, when you specify a time period (A.D. 700 to 1600) you cannot use the past perfect. The perfect tense is used to indicate unspecified times in the past. Go to the links above to read more.

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Past perfect tense (had done) is used to specify that something occurred before another action in the past. 3) "Nearly" is correct because it describes the adjective "1,000" in that the exact number of rock statues lies below 1,000. 4) "Remote" is correct because it is an adjective that describes "Easter Island." As their brains mature neurologically, infants become more capable to distinguish the shapes and textures of the objects around them. Capable to distinguish -> capable of distinguishing As he [eagerly] awaited the interview [for] the job, Miguel [thought it wise] [suppressing] his nervousness and to display a calm he did not feel. Suppressing -> to suppress The regularly scheduled conference between my tutor and me is set for Friday, but my low grades in chemistry requires me to arrange an earlier meeting. http://grammar.quickanddirtytips.com/between-you-and-me.aspx “Between” is a preposition, and anything after preposition should be objective instead of subjective. So, “between you and me” is right, and anything like “between you and I” is definitely wrong. For all their talk about ecology, major companies have so far spent very little to fight pollution. “For” can mean “nonetheless, despite” Many admire Louisa May Alcott for her detailed descriptions of nineteenth-century domestic life in novels such as Little Women, but few have read the lurid thrillers she writes early in her...
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