Sanitary Land Filling Process for Solid Waste Management in Rural Urban Relations

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Sanitary Land Filling Process For Solid Waste Management In Rural Urban Relations- A Case In Sisdol Landfill Site
Term Paper on Rural Urban linkages|

Sujata Shrestha



Rural-urban interaction can be defined as linkages across space such as flows of people, good, money, information and wastes and linkages between sectors such as agriculture, services, etc. Rural urban relation is a fundamental element of regional development. The balance rural urban linkages strongly and mutually supports socio-economic development of both rural urban (Pradhan, 2000). According to UNCHS, rural-urban linkages are essential for both side’s economic growth and sustainable development. Their strength of connection is robust physically, culturally, economically and environmentally (Karna, 2003). In rural urban linkage urbanization is seen as an invisible force, transforming pattern and styles of living not only within urban areas themselves, but also with surrounding rural areas (UNCHS website). Urban centers are economically linked with their hinterland in variety of exchange activities. The five processes of trade, private capital flows, innovation diffusion and information exchange, public capital flows, and migration-commuting- employment expansion can summarize these activities.

In Nepal, majority of people are living in rural areas. With the pace of time, urbanization level is growing with increasing small and intermediate urban centers. The projection based on current growth rate shows that Nepal could have half of its population living in municipal areas in three decades from now (UNDP). Of the total 58 towns (municipality), 43 are small with population below 40,000 and constitute of the total urban population.

Urbanization plays as a powerful driver of economic growth. But the rapid increase in urbanization is bringing increased pressures on environment-related services and environmental health. Environmental health...
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