Urbanization of Lagos

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CONTENTS:
Urbanization……………………………………………………………………………1 Reasons……………………………………………………………………………2 Actions…………………………………………………………………………...3 & 4 Success ……………………………………………………………………………5 Alternate solutions……………………………………………………………………………6 Parallels……………………………………………………………………………7 Lessons to Learn……………………………………………………………………………7 Over Population……………………………………………………………………………8 Electricity Shortages……………………………………………………………………………9 Reasons……………………………………………………………………………10& 11 Actions……………………………………………………………………………12 Success……………………………………………………………………………13 Alternate solutions……………………………………………………………………………13 Parallels……………………………………………………………………………14–17 Lessons to Learn……………………………………………………………………………17–18 Pollution ……………………………………………………………………………19 Reasons……………………………………………………………………………19-20 Actions……………………………………………………………………………21 Success……………………………………………………………………………21 Alternate solutions……………………………………………………………………………22 Parallels……………………………………………………………………………22 Lessons to Learn……………………………………………………………………………22 Reference ……………………………………………………………………………23

URBANIZATION
Due to the large numbers of immigrants from the surrounding rural areas desiring to improve their economic positions, the city is flooded with people seeking employment and cannot sustain all of them. This causes many of the city dwellers to resort to informal employment such as cattle broking, recycling and street vending. This in turn keeps a great number of these people leaving below the poverty line and in turn families cannot afford to send their children to school. Young children, some pre-teenagers, find themselves running the streets of the city looking for jobs or some ways to fend for themselves, or simply loitering around in gangs causing trouble around. Coupled together, such problems cause the desperate ones to engage themselves into criminal activities. Because of the great number of people who use the road for travelling from one place to another, Lagos is overwhelmed by the traffic on the roads and the city has no capacity to maintain them. In Lagos, the indigenous housing was unplanned and left to develop haphazardly, with houses built quite close together. Such overcrowded, unhealthy housing and poor environmental conditions stimulated the rapid spread of influenza epidemics and bubonic plague which ravaged the city between 1924 and 1930. The lack of housing facilities in Lagos is immense. People who are said to be earning between the marks of low to middle income all have to live in very crowded and poorly built houses. According to ‘The Lagos Dossier’, (1) All habitable rooms shall as much as practicable have cross ventilation and shall not be less than 3m by 3.6m (10.8m²).However due to overcrowded compounds, the general scene in Metropolitan Lagos is whereby you find a family of 5 or more members all residing in rooms averaging a total area of 4.30m². -------------------------------------------------

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1
REASONS
Industrialization/ the building of industry brings a need for workers, this has caused people, even children from the neighboring rural areas to come to Lagos in search of employment as their parents cannot afford to pay for their studies or take care of them. Some students are forced to study and work to pay for their tuition. Some move to the city with a desire to improve their economic positions and the cultural diversity within the immigrants causes many of the feuds that take place in the slums. The workers need homes and infrastructure of support such as health facilities, schools and water supplies. Nigeria gained independence in 1960 and shortly after a two-and-a-half year civil war broke out in 1967....
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