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SALT IN CYPRUS|
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“We ate bread and salt together” (Adage from Cyprus) | |
Paper originally done by info@mybestessay.com submitted recently to a girl in Regents College

Executive Summary

“We ate bread and salt together” (Adage from Cyprus)

Cyprus was an important producer and trader of salt till the late 1980s in which the cost of gathering and transporting soil exceeded the salts’ sales. Since then, Cyprus has been importing salt despite its richness in salt lakes and in crystal Mediterranean Sea salt flakes. Notable, Turkey neighboring Cyprus is nowadays an important trader of salt and could become an important competitor on a global scale in the future, and even compete with USA and China the salt production giants of the word (together contributing to about 40% of the salt production). The situation in Turkey is assessed relevant to that in Cyprus in order to draw a conclusion on the leading factors in salts industry that enable local and global salt trading. The conclusion will show that Cyprus, despite its richness in the raw salt and favorable conditions will not sustain salt production unlike Turkey that has opportunities further expanding its salt market. Noting that Cyprus still sustains small salt business to produce the Cyprus salt flakes, the economy in generally has made a jump towards tourism and banking and left the salt production lagging behind. The history of salt, its different production methods, its opportunities in Turkey in comparison to Cyprus in which salt production has stopped, the world marker needs of salts and salts’ applications are considered and conclusions are drawn accordingly.

Keywords:

Salt, production, Cyprus, Turkey, Opportunities

History of Salt

The importance of salt can be demonstrated through every single person’s relation with salt. Even when salt was not identified as a separately manufactured product, the human intake of salt could be taken from the food such as meat of animals that were hunted nearby a salty lake or salt deposit. Thus the psychological need for soil could be satisfied.Unlike our modern times, electricity was not known to ancient and medieval civilizations and same applies to all the electrical appliances. The latter include the refrigerator commonly used to preserve food for a longer time. Means of preserving food were limited to simple practices such as drying and salting. Whereas preserving food through the refrigerator has been widely known for the last 100 years, preserving food using salt has been a common human practice in food storage for thousands of years. Perhaps how the phenomenon originated and started spreading could not accurately traced, yet evidence of salt production as old as 6050 BC (ArchæDyn, 2008) in Romania next to a salt spring in Lunca, Neant County. According to some opinions, the rapid growth witnessed by this ancient civilization could be linked to the production of salt. The latter would had not only be used for preserving food, but also as trading material with other civilizations. In this regard, harvesting soil from lakes could be dated back to around 6000BC in China (Xiechi Lake) (Offeciers), which is considered the oldest detectable salt-works of ancient times. Relevant to the ancient Egyptians and Phoenicians, the latter exported salted fish in return for items such as glass and Lebanese Cedars since approximately 2800 BC(American Heritage Dictionary). Additionally, salt was found among the gifts in the Egyptian tombs approximately since then.

Expansion of Salt Usage

As stated by Kostick (1993), as the era of the agricultural human community arose, humans found their psychological need of satisfying their salt intake through adding salt. Since salt could be found in shallow deposits and due to its soluble nature, simple means of soil extraction were identified and which did not undergo any major alterations till nowadays (Kostick, 1993). The human consumption of salt has evolved over...
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