Salahudin Ayubi / Muhammad Al-Fateh

Topics: Ottoman Empire, Mehmed II, Crusades Pages: 21 (8257 words) Published: February 15, 2011
Salahudin Ayubi, better known in the Western world as Saladin, was a Kurdish Muslim, who became the first Ayyubid Sultan of Egypt and Syria. He led Islamic opposition to the Franks and other European Crusaders in the Levant. At the height of his power, he ruled over Egypt, Syria, Mesopotamia, Hejaz, and Yemen. He led the Muslims against the Crusaders and eventually recaptured Palestine from the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem after his victory in the Battle of Hattin. As such, he is a notable figure in Kurdish, Arab, and Muslim culture. Saladin was a strict adherent of Sunni Islam and a mystical disciple of the Qadiri Sufi order. His chivalrous behavior was noted by Christian chroniclers, especially in the accounts of the siege of Kerak in Moab, and despite being the nemesis of the Crusaders he won the respect of many of them, including Richard the Lionheart; rather than becoming a hated figure in Europe, he became a celebrated example of the principles of chivalry. MUHAMMAD AL-FATEH

Al-Fateh (March 30, 1432 – May 3, 1481) "the Conqueror" in Ottoman Turkish, or, in modern Turkish, Fatih Sultan Mehmet in early modern Europe was Sultan of the Ottoman Empire for a short time from 1444 to September 1446, and later from February 1451 to 1481. At the age of 21, he conquered Constantinople and brought an end to the Byzantine Empire, absorbing its administrative apparatus into the Ottoman state. Al-Fateh continued his conquests in Asia, with the Anatolian reunification, and in Europe, as far as Belgrade Al-Fateh is regarded as a national hero in Turkey, and his name is given to Istanbul's Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge. As briefly introduced above, both Salahudin Ayubi and Muhammad Al-Fateh are brave muslim leaders. They are true muslims with extensive religious background and are very successful. We will be comparing and elaborate more on their achievements and how they realize them.

Other achievements and how they dealt with them.
Sultan Muhammad Al-Fateh
* When he defeated the chief Al-Turkuman Hassan Al-Taweel, a man who used to attack, betray them and ally with any group other than the Ottomans, Muhammad Al-Fateh ordered to kill the captives except the scientists like the judge Muhammad Al-Shurehy, who fought unwillingly with Al-Taweel, and was one of the best scientists of his time. Al-Fateh was generous to him because of his knowledge despite his attack. (. )

* After the conquest of Constantinople, Muhammad Al-Fateh headed to complete his conquests in the Balkan. He managed to conquer Serbia, Greece, Romania, Albania and Bosnia Herzegovina. He also looked forward to conquering Rome so that he would have another source of pride in addition to the conquest of Constantinople. (. )

* Muhammad Al-Fateh then to turn his attention to Anatolia. He tried to create a single political entity in Anatolia by capturing Turkish states called Beyliks and the Greek Empire of Trebizond in northeastern Anatolia and allied himself with the Golden Horde in the Crimea. * Another important political entity which shaped the Eastern policy of Muhammad Al-Fateh was the White Sheep Turcomans. With the leadership of Uzun Hasan, this Turcoman kingdom gained power in the East but because of their strong relations with the Christian powers like Empire of Trebizond and the Republic of Venice and the alliance between Turcomans and Karamanoğlu Tribe, he saw them as a threat to his own power. He led a successful campaign against Uzun Hasan in August 11, 1473 which resulted with the decisive victory of the Ottoman Empire in the Battle of Otlukbeli. * Sultan Muhammad Al-Fateh advanced toward Eastern Europe as far as Belgrade, and attempted to conquer the city from John Hunyadi at the Siege of Belgrade in 1456. Hungarian commanders...
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