RURAL DEVELPOMENT PROGRAMMES IN INDIA
India is predominantly an agrarian country. At present 833 million (83.3 crore) of India's population lives in villages. Hence it becomes important that proportionate amount of attention and funds be spent for betterment of the rural folk. But inspite of their being in majority, they have been lagging behind in the fields of education, civic amenities, medical facilities and economic well being. So the Government of India realize the need of improvement of condition of rural people. Many programmes and projects for the upliftment of rural folk have been started. One of the earliest steps taken was to bring about the Community Development Programme which was started in 1952. Its purpose was to ensure the supply of improved high quality seeds, modern implements and chemical manures to farmers. Besides this another programme i.e. Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) has been launched by Government in 1979. It aims at creating additional employment and raising the income levels of the identified target groups, consisting of marginal and small farmers, agricultural labourers, small artisans, and persons belonging to scheduled castes and tribes. Schemes like Training of Rural Youth for Self Employment (TRYSEM) were started and priority was given to youth trained under this scheme to obtain IRDP loan. Operation Flood was launched in July 1970, with the assistance of World Food Programme (WEP) to bring about a real breakthrough in milk production. This programme ensured a link between the rural milk producers and urban milk processing plants. Several other steps have also been taken for rural upliftment. Agricultur-al incomes have been exempted from income tax and wealth tax. Zamindari system has been abolished. Recently Jawahar Rojgar Youjna has been launched from 26th April, 1989. Under this scheme 30% of the employment to be generated would be reserved for women; at least one member of the poor family in the rural...
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