OBJECTIVE OF THE ACT2
SALIENT FEATURES OF THE ACT3
COMMUNICATION OF NREGA4
KEY AGENCIES AND THEIR ROLES5
APPLICATION FOR REGISTRATION AND ISSUANCE OF JOB CARDS10
APPLICATION FOR WORK AND ALLOCATION OF EMPLOYMENT11
CRITERIA FOR ALLOCATION/RELEASE OF FUNDS11
PAYMENT OF WAGES12
PAYMENT OF UNEMPLOYMENT ALLOWANCE12
Major Achievements made during the year 2008-09 and 2009-10 (upto February, 2010)17 Achievements during 2008-0917
Achievements during 2009-10 (upto February, 2010)18
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) Evolving the design of the wage employment programmes to more effectively fight poverty, the Central Government formulated the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) in 2005. With its legal framework and rights-based approach, MGNREGA provides employment to those who demand it and is a paradigm shift from earlier programmes. Notified on September 7, 2005, MGNREGA aims at enhancing livelihood security by providing at least one hundred days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every rural household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. The Act covered 200 districts in its first phase, implemented on February 2, 2006, and was extended to 130 additional districts in 2007- 2008. All the remaining rural areas have been notified with effect from April 1, 2008. OBJECTIVE OF THE ACT
The objective of the Act is to enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. NREGA GOALS
•Strong social safety net for the vulnerable groups by providing a fall-back employment source, when other employment alternatives are scarce or inadequate. •Growth engine for sustainable development of an agricultural economy. Through the process of providing employment on works that address causes of chronic poverty such as drought, deforestation and soil erosion, the Act seeks to strengthen the natural resource base of rural livelihood and create durable assets in rural areas. Effectively implemented, NREGA has the potential to transform the geography of poverty. •Empowerment of rural poor through the processes of a rights-based Law •New ways of doing business, as a model of governance reform anchored on the principles of transparency and grass root democracy. Thus, NREGA fosters conditions for inclusive growth ranging from basic wage security and recharging rural economy to a transformative empowerment process of democracy.
SALIENT FEATURES OF THE ACT
i.Adult members of a rural household, willing to do unskilled manual work, may apply for registration in writing or orally to the local Gram Panchayat. ii.The Gram Panchayat after due verification will issue a Job Card. The Job Card will bear the photograph of all adult members of the household willing to work under NREGA and is free of cost. iii. The Job Card should be issued within 15 days of application. iv.A Job Card holder may submit a written application for employment to the Gram Panchayat, stating the time and duration for which work is sought. The minimum days of employment have to be at least fourteen. v.The Gram Panchayat will issue a dated receipt of the written application for employment, against which the guarantee of providing employment within 15 days operates. vi.Employment will be given within 15 days of application for work, if it is not then daily unemployment allowance as per the Act, has to be paid liability of payment of unemployment allowance is of the States. vii. Work should ordinarily be provided within 5 km radius of the village. In case work is provided beyond 5 km, extra wages of 10% are payable to meet additional transportation and living expenses....