Role of the Un

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Jake Viner
PS 339
Role of the UN Research Paper
5/10/2011

The topic I have chosen to extensively research upon and analyze is the role of the United Nations. The main goal of my research paper is not only to convey the actual duties, and principles of the United Nations, but also to relate its effectiveness to International Law and rate its success as an organization of the international community. This goal will be reached by conducting an in depth analysis of the many facets the UN entails. I will begin by demonstrating how the UN came into power due to the futile organization, which was called the League of Nations. Subsequently, the purpose of the UN will be explored to portray its standards and policies, which are originated from the UN Charter. My research has brought my attention to describe the six different organs that make up the organization along with the United Nations main priorities, which include peacekeeping and the settlement of disputes, next. After analyzing the actual function and responsibility of the UN, I will go on to interpret the overall effectiveness of the organization by taking into account major criticisms, and comparing it to its predecessor, The League of Nations, which shows the relevant improvements that have been made. By the end of my research paper, the facts explored will yield the personal opinion of mine that the UN is not successful in carrying out the principles and functions of the Charter, which renders it ineffective. The reason for the United Nations establishment showed the failure of the League of Nations and its unsuccessful stride for collective effort and security. The creation of the UN is due to a large degree based upon the terms of the Covenant of the League of Nations and its failure to promote peace along with the failure to prevent the Second World War. The UN was established following the conclusion of the Second World War and in light of Allied intentions expressed during that conflict. The failure of preventing war by the League was not the only malfunction of the organization. Failure also came from general weaknesses within the League stemming from the United State’s refusal to join. Despite the fact that U.S. President, Woodrow Wilson, was a driving force behind the formation of the League, the U.S. voted not to enter on November 19, 1919. This created a lack of representation for the League. It was intended to encompass all nations to create a sense of collectiveness, but many states never joined and the others who did had a short time of affiliation with the League. Missing the driving forces of the U.S. and other states lessened the possibility of world peace and the vital need of financing (Basic Facts: About the United Nations). This fact alone drew the attention of the media on an extensive level. Magazines and newspapers published pictures satirizing the event. One famous picture was published in Punch magazine on December 10, 1920 called The Gap in the Bridge. The picture was satirizing the gap left within the organization by the U.S.A. when they did not join the League. This was one of the most important reasons for the disestablishment of the League of Nations. Another important weakness grew from the contradiction between the idea of collective security that formed the bases of the League and international relations between individual states. The collective system the League used meant that nations were required to act against states they considered friends, which endangered their national interests. This promoted the idea of political agendas and personal interests of member states. Not only did political agendas create unilateral actions, they also manifested the League as indecision. Due to the fact that the League required a unanimous vote from its fifteen member Council to enact a resolution, who only cared about their personal interests, conclusive and effective action was difficult, if not impossible. An...
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