1.The United Nations Organisation was formed on 24 Oct 1945 after the II World War. The main aim of this organization was to avoid III World War and to provide a platform for dialogues. It is an international organization which looks after rights, economic developments, social progress, disarmament and achieving world peace.
2.The world United Nations was given by Winston Churchill and Franklin D Roosevelt in 1942. The organization runs with six languages i.e. Arabic, Chinese, English, France, Russian and Spanish. The first meeting of UNO was held in London with 51 countries in 1946 and India is one of founder country of the UNO.
3.ORGANS OF UNO
(a)General Assembly.Whenever any major question arises in UNO, all countries deliberate & vote. A bill is passed only with 2/3rd majority. (b)Security Council.It consists of 5 permanent members and 10 non permanent members. The 5 permanent members are USA, UK, France, China and Russia, who have veto powers. And the other 10 non permanent members change after an interval of 2 years. (c)Secretariat.It is headed by Secretary General and assisted by staff of international civil staff. (d)International Court of Justice. It provides justice to all member countries. (e)Economic & Social Organisation. It is consist of 54 member countries. The main aim of this organization is to assist General Assembly in promoting international economic and social cooperation for development. (f)Secretary General.It is headed by secretary general, who acts as leader of UNO.
4.UNO has some more organizations to maintain progress and development through out the world. These are WHO, ILO, IMF, UNICEF, and UNIDO etc.
5.The UNO has laid out following Millenniums Development Goal (MDG):-
(a)Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty.
(b)Reduce child mortality.
(c)Promote gender equality and women empowerment.
(d)Achieve universal primary education.
(e)Ensure environmental development to combat climate change. (f)Combat with HIV/AIDS, Malaria & other diseases.
(g)Develop the globe partnership for development.
6.India’s claim for UN&C permanent seat:-
(a)India has 1/6th part of world population.
(b)India is the largest democracy.
(c)India is a peace loving country.
(d)India is the second fastest growing economy.
(e)India has second largest granary.
(f)India has participated in many UN peace keeping operations.
-2- (g)India has the third largest Army, responsible, nuclear and space power.
1.Relations between India and Myanmar dates back to the third century BC, when Buddhism reached Myanmar from India.
2.India has a 1670 km long land border with Myanmar. The four states of India, Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh share international border with Myanmar. Myanmar is the gateway for ASEAN countries, for India.
3.In 2000, NDA coalition in Delhi took the initiative to impart more meaning to the look east policy. In 2001, the then Foreign Minister Jaswant Singh inaugurated “India – Myanmar friendship Road”, linking the town of Moreh in Manipur to central Myanmar. Trans Asia Rail Network is being constructed from India to Myanmar.
4.On April 2, 2008 the vice president of Myanmar, Gen Maung Aye visited India. India and Myanmar signed many agreements and also finalized the Kaladan Multi model transit transport project. The project with an investment of $135 million will connect land locked North East states by connecting Mobu in Mizoram to the port of Sittwe in Myanmar.
5.India needs Myanmar’s support to flush out the insurgents in the North East, as these insurgent groups have established their bases in Myanmar. India always insists upon Myanmar to weed out, these bases from its land....