CASE STUDY OF RIZAL PARK
Pacheco, Pauline Aubrey
Pintucan, Minette Corazon
Tanafranca, Rowena Rae
Luneta, or literally little moon, is a 58-hectare historical park overlooking the famous and stunning Manila bay, located at the zero kilometer mark in the midst of a busy and thriving city. For many decades, it was used by the Spaniards as execution grounds for Filipino rebels and mutineers. Through the years, it has bear witness to deaths injudiciously delivered. But today, through some restoration and renovation works, it is now one of the most treasured landmarks in the country. It is now a site of heritage jewels that portrays the rich tale of Philippine history and its patriotic characters. HISTORY
The history of Rizal Park began in the early 1800s during the Spanish rule. Even though Manila's social and business activities were confined within Intramuros, a small area just south of the walls was cleared to prevent sneak attacks from the patriotic natives. The area was shaped like a small moon (lunette), thus it was named Luneta. The Park was also called Bagumbayan (New Town) during the Spanish colonial era. Over the years, the park has been the site of some of the most significant moments in Philippine history such as the execution of Dr. José Rizal; Declaration of Philippine Independence from American rule; and the political rallies of Ferdinand Marcos and Corazon Aquino.
On September 28, 1901, the Philippine Assembly approved Act No. 243 -- an act “granting the right to use public land upon the Luneta in the city of Manila upon which to erect a statue of Jose Rizal”. After more than twelve years after the approval of the act, the shrine was finally unveiled on December 30, 1913 during Rizal’s 17th death anniversary.
Rizal Park is bordered by Burgos Street, Taft Avenue, Roxas Avenue, and T.M. Kalaw. Going there is easy because of the availability of different kinds of public transportation. One could easily get to Rizal Park by riding a taxi (flagdown rate is at P40). One could also ride a jeepney bound for Taft Avenue (if from Monumento and Manila, Baclaran (if from Lawton/City Hall area), Quiapo (if from Cubao and EDSA-Taft MRT Station), or Divisoria (if from Taft Avenue or SM Mall of Asia); and get down at one of the roads bordering Rizal Park. One could also ride the LRT1 Yellow Line (accessible through jeepney rides or transferring from the MRT or LRT2) going to Taft Avenue, get down at U.N. Station, and walk towards T.M. Kalaw. Do take precautionary measures in crossing the street to get to Rizal Park as there are no pedestrian lanes. There are also no signboards pointing to Rizal Park from the LRT1 station, so ask around in order not to get lost. Another option is to ride a FX bound for Sucat-Lawton or Quiapo and ask to be dropped at Luneta or Rizal Avenue, respectively.
Rizal park is situated at the Northern tip of Roxas Boulevard, at the heart of Philippine's capital, Manila. Within it lies the most famous monument of Rizal which is what the park is most known for. In front of this monument is where the Kilometer Zero or the 0 km point is found, the starting point of all roads, cities, and places in the country.
Aside from being a popular urban park for unwinding and relaxation, Rizal Park oozes of history and culture from way back the 1800s, during the Spanish Era. This is what mostly draws visitor to the park whenever there are no other events scheduled to be held in the park.
Rizal Park is the land where Dr. Jose P. Rizal, one of the most important men in the country’s history, as well as the three Filipino priests Mariano Gomez, Jose Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora (collectively known as Gomburza) died martyrs by the hands of the Spanish colonizers. A monument was erected in honor of Rizal, which has been a popular photo-op for tourists and locals alike; it is even featured in most Philippine postcards. The monument also holds his remains....
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