Review of Related Literature

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Chapter 2
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
Today, any medical uniform consisting of a short-sleeve shirt and pants is known as "scrubs". Scrubs worn in surgery are almost always colored solid light green, light blue or a light green-blue shade. Everyone may not wonder why the color of the scrub suit is color green or blue. Colors have symbolism in our life; it has an effect to our personality, mood and performances. Originally, operating room attire was white to emphasize cleanliness. However, the environment led to eye strain for the surgeon and staff. To reduced eye fatigue, various shades of green are in favour by the most hospitals in the late 1950s and 1960s. Green provided a high-contrast environment and it made bright red splashes less conspicuous. Our modern understanding of light and color begins with Isaac Newton (1642-1726) and a series of experiments that he publishes. He discovered that when pure white light passes through a prism, it separates into all of the visible colors. Newton is the first to understand the rainbow — he refracts white light with a prism, resolving it into its component colors: red, orange, yellow, green, blue and violet. He published his notes, which he later expanded into his “Opticks”, a book written by him which was release in public in 1704. According to the article entitled “Luscher's Color Test Can Reveal Your Personality” by Daya Bihm (2010), in 1947, Swiss psychotherapist Max Luscher suggested that a person’s favorite color could determine who they were as an individual, what their current fears and obstacles were, and their desires for the future. Luscher put his findings in a simple tool known as the Color Diagnostic Test. In Max Lusher's book, The Lusher Color Test, he claims that when people look at pure red for a long time, their blood pressure, respiratory rate, and heartbeat all increase. Blue, conversely, has just the opposite effect; i.e., blood pressure, respiratory rate, and heartbeat all decrease. ¹ Another...
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