INTEGRATION OF REVERSE LOGISTICS WITH IN NEW PRODUCT DESIGN: THE CASES STUDY IN CHINESE ELECTRIC AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT (EEE) INDUSTRY
ZHI YUAN WANG MSc in Industrial Engineering and Operations Management
INTEGRATION OF REVERSE LOGISTICS WITH IN NEW PRODUCT DESIGN: THE CASES STUDY IN CHINESE ELECTRIC AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT (EEE) INDUSTRY BY
ZHI YUAN WANG 2008 A DISSERTATION PRESENTED IN PART CONSIDERATION FOR THE DEGREE OF MSC IN INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING AND OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT
There are growing concerns on the impact of waste electric and electronic equipment (WEEE) on the natural environment in recent years. Many governments are looking for an efficient and effective way to minimise the impact of WEEE on environment. Meanwhile, they are starting to require corporations especially EEE manufacturers to take more responsibilities on take-back, disassembly, remanufacturing, reuse and recycle the end-of-life product in a rational manner. Many studies have also focused on the logicality of reverse logistics and some models have been developed for the design of optimum reverse logistics system with low operation costs. However, few studies based on the integration of reverse logistics or stage of reverse logistics into early product design phase to ameliorate its serviceability, disassemblability, remanufacturability, reusability, recycalbility to accelerate its recycle and treatment process and further reduce the costs. In this paper, the fundamental motivators for corporations to implement reverse logistics have been revealed from legislations, customers, competition and ISO 14000 aspects, respectively. After that, we focus on new product design models and tools to concentrate on different stages of reverse logistics. The current circumstances of WEEE in China then have been evaluated and analyzed to identify the challenging tasks for China government and Chinese corporations to sort out. Two domestic appliances manufacturing corporations based in China have been selected to estimate their consciousness on the importance of recycling and treatment of end-of-life products and the effectiveness of their current systems. Tacking account of situation in China, it is very complex and costly for corporations to afford an appropriate recycle system even though for those leading manufacturers in industry.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Introduction 9
Chapter 2 Motivators of Design for Environment-Friendly Reverse Logistics 13 2.1 Customers (StakeHolders) 14 2.2 Competition and Economy Factors 15 2.3 Legislations 16 2.4 The ISO 14000 Standards 21 Chapter 3 The Tendency of New Product Development 24 3.1 Design for Assembly and Design for Manufacturing 25 3.2 Design for Disassembly and Design for Recyclability 26 3.3 Design for Environment (Eco-design) 29 3.4 Design for Life Cycle 32 3.5 Design for Take-back 35 3.6 Design for Reverse Logistics 36 Chapter 4 Models of NPD 41 4.1 Departmental-stage models 41 4.2 Activity-Stage Models 42 4.3 Cross-functional Teams 43 4.4 Decision-stage models 44 4.5 Conversion-Process Models 45 4.6 Response Models 46 4.7 Network Models 47 Chapter 5 The Embarrassment of WEEE Recycle and Treatment Facing by China 48 5.1 The current situation of WEEE in China 49 5.2 The legislative reformation of WEEE industry in China 56
5.3 The Pilot Programme in China 60 Chapter 6 Case Study Methodology 64 Chapter 7 Results and Analysis 67 Chapter 8 Conclusions and Future Research 73 References 76 Appendix I Sample Interview Questions 76
LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES
TABLE 1.1 Estimate of obsolete WEEE in China 9 5
TABLE 1.2 The major hazardous and toxic components in WEEE 10 TABLE 3.1 Design for Disassembly Guideline 27 TABLE 3.2 Technical product characteristics 33 TABLE 5.1 Output of Main Domestic Appliances in China 50 TABLE 5.2 Ownership of five main domestic appliances per 100 urban households in China 51 TABLE 5.3 Ownership of...