Brain drain or human capital flight is defined in Oxford dictionary as “the movement of highly skilled and qualified people to a country where they can work in better conditions and earn more money.” Since the early 1990s, a small number of India’s valuable human resources has been leaving the country in search of “greener pastures” in the region and the world over. During the last four years, this brain drain trend has escalated in magnitude to levels that have serious implications for the country’s capacity to deliver on the sustainable development front. From my research, I would like to find the reasons why people are leaving India. To effectively reduce the magnitude of the brain drain requires an in-depth understanding of the problem.
So the main problem to be researched at is:
REASONS FOR BRAIN DRAIN IN INDIA.
Broadly, the purpose of the study is:
• To establish the trend, rate and level of the brain drain in India • To investigate the nature and dynamics of both the push and pull factors at play in India and recipient countries • To find major reasons behind brain drain India
As the research is done by interviewing the sample from the population which means I have to explore the reasons so this would be an EXPLORATORY research design. This would involve postcard questionnaire as well as mail questionnaire.
Source of Data
The source of data would be both primary as well as secondary. Primary data:
Primary data would be collected through questionnaires (both postcard as well as mail). This would also include interviewing those who do not respond to those questionnaires. Moreover those who would not respond to mail questionnaire would be interviewed on telephone.
Secondary data would be collected through data published in magazines, collecting data from internet (review of literature), etc.
REVIEW OF LITERATURE
Author: Yehuda Baruch and Naresh Khatri
Brain drain’ is a phenomenon in which people of a high level of skills, qualifications, and competence, leave their countries and emigrate. One major case of the brain drain happens when students from developing countries studying in the developed countries decide not to return home after their studies. We examined the reasons for international students’ inclination to stay in their host countries in a sample of 949 management students who came to study in the United Kingdom and the United States. The results support a three-fold model of factors that influenced this inclination. Students’ perceptions of ethnic differences and labour markets, their adjustment process to the host country, and their family ties in host and home countries all affect their intention to stay.
Author: Pawan S. Budhwar
Universality of the Problem
The brain drain resulting from the steady stream of human resource mobility from developing countries to developed countries is becoming an issue of major international concern. It is not new in itself, but in the past it received passing attention or controversial treatment, and barely made an appearance on the political agenda. A number of factors have contributed to an increasing awareness of the problem and increasing attention to possible counter-measures. THE United Kingdom and France, the two European countries receiving the greatest number of students and professionals from developing countries, have just concluded official studies on highly qualified immigrants and the dynamics of their immigration into Europe. Meanwhile the countries of the European Union have been trying to reach agreement on a new, common policy on immigration. Further afield, a number of developed countries have recently been showing a marked interest in the immigration of highly qualified individuals. At the same time, in the developing countries themselves, the topic has been the subject of numerous meetings, especially in Africa. These...