Intro to Psychology
In the Moravian town of Příbor, Austrian Empire( now part of the Czech Republic) and in the rented room of a blacksmith’s house where they lived, poor Jewish parents Amalia and Jacob Freud welcomed their first born child of eight children into the world. Born with a caul, which his mother saw as a positive omen for the boy’s future, Austrian Neurologist, Neuropathologist, Psychiatrist, and Psychologist Sigismund Schlomo Freud was born on May 6th, 1856. He later became famously known as “The founding father of psychoanalysis.” Freud’s parents although poor, ensured his education and enrolled him in a prominent school in Vienna where he graduated a sixteen year old with honors. He was proficient in German, French, Italian, Spanish, English, Hebrew, Latin and Greek and loved to read Shakespeare’s plays in English. He became a doctor at the University of Vienna, and did research into cerebral palsy, aphasia and microscopic neuroanatomy at the Vienna General Hospital. Together with J. Breuer, Freud studied the psychological mechanisms of the use of hypnosis in the treatment of hysteria, and he proposed the therapeutic method of psychotherapy, based on abreaction, the release of unconscious traumatic experiences under hypnosis. . Their paper, On the Psychical Mechanism of Hysterical Phenomena (1893, tr. 1909, marked the beginnings of psychoanalysis in the discovery that the symptoms of hysterical patients—directly traceable to psychic trauma in earlier life—represent un-discharged emotional energy .
Freud went on to develop theories about the unconscious mind and the mechanism of repression, and created psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst . Freud's psychoanalytic system came to dominate the field from early in the twentieth century, forming the basis for many later systems by them having their patients talk about their difficulties to...
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