Feyerabend’s Critique of Science in Society
Credited from Paul Feyerabend’s work on “How to defend society against science?” Introduction to Philosophical Research Mave Rick T. Roa 3/19/2013
I. II. III. IV. V. VI.
Introduction Scientific Revolution Feyerabend‟s Views of Science in Society How to Deal Science in Society Conclusion Bibliography
The study is all about Paul Feyerabend‟s critique of science. It includes the bad effects of science in the society and individuals. It goes around to his critique and point of view of the other philosopher‟s critique to science. And on the deeper view of this study is more on the application of his critique to apply on the society and individual. The main course of this study is mostly on Feyerabend‟s analysis of science and how science sets a course of domination as indubitable truth, not just in the society but also in individual senses. The first notion for this study is scientific revolution which Feyerabend had mentioned in his first critique. I lend the idea of Thomas Kuhn about scientific revolution to emphasize the point of view of Feyerabend in his critique. Then the following topics are all about Feyerabend‟s views of society which is affected by the paradigm of scientific assumptions, critique of science and its resolution to this problem. The main purpose for this research is to reveal, as well as to give solution to the bad effect of science towards the society and individual.1 The main idea of this study was taken from the brilliant ideas of Thomas Kuhn2 on his scientific revolution and most of all, to Feyerabend‟s defense in protecting the endangered ideology and beliefs of a religion attacked from assumed indubitable scientific ideas of the scientist. This compilation of ideas that makes this study more relevant serves as an answer to my question “What was Feyerabend‟s critique of science in the society?” And why did Feyerabend consider science as a tyrant in all ideology.
Philosophy: Basic Readings. 2nd Edition. Ed. Nigel Warburton. USA and Canada: Taylor and Frances e-Library, 2005 Samir Okasha. Philosophy of Science: A Very Short Introduction. United State: Oxford University Press Inc., 2002: 81-84.
My study is all about Feyerabend‟s critique of science in the society. But before I go into the main topic for this study, let me first introduce to you on what was Feyerabend was talking about. It begins with Thomas Kuhn‟s idea of scientific revolution or Paradigm Shift. Feyerabend mentioned that science is like cutting a head of hydra. It produces eight numbers of heads when you cut one of its head. Feyerabend‟s description was a simile for a very complicated Scientific Revolution.3 Though Feyerabend did not emphasize the meaning of scientific revolution, I will use the idea and understanding of Thomas Kuhn for further explanation of one of the characteristic of science, Paradigm Shift in particular. The course for this study will now introduce the scientific revolution according to Thomas Kuhn. Science if viewed from a perspective and from its history, theoretical assumptions are overlapping one after another. Paradigm is a theoretical assumption that currently exercised by the normal scientist until a scientific revolution has taken its place. However, according to Samir Okasha in his work Philosophy of Science: A Very Short Introduction, „A successful paradigm always encounters a certain problem‟. Normal scientists are those who develop and revise some of the changes regarding to a problem that a certain theoretical assumption or paradigm had been encountered. And these problems are questions that cannot be accommodated by the paradigm and mismatch theories that do not collaborate to a new given experimental facts. This is explanations about the Paradigm and now I will insert the idea of Paradigm Shift. As what have mentioned from above that problem arose...
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