To write a critical appraisal that demonstrates comprehension of the research study conducted, respond to each of the questions listed under the headings below. Do not answer the questions with a yes or no; rather, provide a rationale or include examples or content from the study to address the questions.
CRITICAL APPRAISAL GUIDELINES: QUANTITATIVE STUDY
Protection of Human Participants
* Identify the benefits and risks of participation addressed by the authors. Were there benefits or risks the authors do not identify? * Was informed consent obtained from the subjects or participants? * Did it seem that the subjects participated voluntarily in the study? * Was institutional review board approval obtained from the agency in which the study was conducted?
* Are the major variables (independent and dependent variables) identified and defined? What were these variables? * How were data collected in this study?
* What rationale did the author provide for using this data collection method? * Identify the time period for data collection of the study. * Describe the sequence of data collection events for a participant.
Data Management and Analysis
* Describe the data management and analysis methods used in the study. * Did the author discuss how the rigor of the process was assured? For example, does the author describe maintaining a paper trail of critical decisions that were made during the analysis of the data? Was statistical software used to ensure accuracy of the analysis? * What measures were used to minimize the effects of researcher bias (their experiences and perspectives)? For example, did two researchers independently analyze the data and compare their analyses?
Findings / Interpretation of Findings
* What is the researcher’s interpretation of findings?
* Are the findings valid or an accurate reflection of reality? Do you have confidence in the...