February 13, 2013
Leonard Da Vinci is one of the greatest known artists in the Italian renaissance era. He was the father of the high renaissance. He has such great master pieces such as Mona Lisa, Madonna of the rocks, and The Last Supper. One of Leonardo’s greatest contributions to painting was his introduction of the idea of sfumato, which essentially means smoky, and is a way of producing atmospheric perspective in paintings. 1482 he moved to Milan, and began taking commissions from wealthy patrons. Leonardo Da Vinci worked for the Duke of Milan, for nearly eighteen years, the Duke wanted this particular religious scene painted and Leonardo knew this painting would benefit financially. Leonardo’s Last Supper was seen as emotional because he gave real life emotion to the faces of the Disciple. The Mona Lisa is Leonardo’s most important work. This work has fascinated many people across the world. Leonardo was a great artist but much more than that. He was also had one of the best scientific minds in that era. He was a true renaissance man, but also made great contributions to the foundations of science. He engaged in projects, like designs to reroute rivers, urban planning and creation of pedestrian streets in the center of cities to cut down on the chaos in life around him.
Rafaello Sanzio da Urbino, was born April 6, 1483 in Urbino, Italy. In 1504 he became Perugino’s apprentice. He was an Italian Renaissance painter and architect. At the time of Raphael, Urbino was a cultural center that encouraged the arts. Giovanni Santi, Raphael’s father, taught him the basic painting techniques and exposed him to the principles of humanistic philosophy. At the age of eleven his father died and had to take over his father’s workshop. Raphael was quickly considered one of the finest painters in his town. In 1500 Perugino invited Raphael to become his apprentice in Perugia. During this apprenticeship that lasted only four years, Raphael...