The Reproductive System
The female and male reproductive systems share many similarities and many differences. . Each system has different parts, problems and care. Each system has different purposes, the male reproductive system’s function is to produce sperm, while the female reproductive system’s function is to produce ova, store ova and house a fertilized egg. The effects of various hormones modulate both. Some of these include gonadotropin-releasing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, and luteinizing hormone. The female reproductive system is a complex system that differs from the males in many ways. The female reproductive system is mainly located inside the woman’s body. The primary female reproductive organs include the vagina, the uterus, the fallopian tubes, and the ovaries. The vagina is a tubular structure. It leads from the external genitalia to the uterus. The uterus is triangular in shape and is situated between the urinary bladder and the rectum. At one end, it protrudes into the posterior wall of the vagina to form the cervix. At the other end, fallopian tubes extend from each of the two superior corners. The fallopian tubes curve around the wall of the pelvic cavity. The purpose of the fallopian tubes is to carry an ovum from the ovary to the uterus. If there are sperm cells in the fallopian tubes then fertilization may occur. If fertilization does not take place, the system is designed to menstruate (the monthly shedding of the uterine lining). In addition, the female reproductive system produces female sex hormones that maintain the reproductive cycle. The outside structures of the female reproductive system include the labia majora, labia minora, bartholin's glands,and the clitoris. Literally translated as "large lips," the labia majora are relatively large and fleshy, and are comparable to the scrotum in males. The labia majora contain sweat and oil-secreting glands. Labia minorawhich is literally translated as "small lips," the...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document