Renaissance was the period of economic progress where cities were built. The term “Renaissance” came from the French language meaning, “rebirth.” In this period, another word was created for man. There was a classical learning in the study of the ancient Greek and Roman texts. The period stirred enthusiasm for the philosophy and artistic values of the ancients. The ideals of classicism- balance, harmony, proportion and intellectual order became the artistic standard of the time. PAINTING AND SCULPTURE
An important characteristic of the period was the spirit of scientific inquiry and investigation. This new and vital approach to the material world led to empiricism, which lay on the evidence of the senses. The artists strove for more naturalistic portrayal of man and developed new techniques such as modeling and shading for three-dimensional effect. The new interest in the scientific investigation made man/artist observe and consider man’s figure. The artists were interested in man’s body as well as in what lay beneath the sinews, the muscles and the veins. Another feature was the new concept of space which manifested itself in painting and architecture as geometric or linear perspective. The experiments of artist led to the formulation of geometric or linear perspective in the principal parts/lines of a painting converges of a point on the horizon called the vanishing point with aerial perspective in which the effects of atmosphere are seen in size and clarity of objects in proportion to their distance from the viewer. The Renaissance artist tried other mediums in art. In portraits the human face became more expressive with the use of sfumato, a modeling technique which consisted of blurring sharp outlines with subtle tonal gradations This imparted a mysterious enigmatic quality which hinted as the spiritual dimensions of the subject The figures assumed more dramatic postures in painting as in sculpture. Architecture
Architecture is the art and science or building. When one speaker of architecture it would always by associated with houses churches commercial buildings or any others structure Professionals have come have with more specific definitions. Architecture is the art and science of designing and building structures or larges groups of structures in keeping with aesthetic and functional criteria. Group Moreover is it the art of designing and constructing a building which will serve as definite function, ranging from providing the simplest shelter to meeting the technological demands of our modern cities. In all definitions we find that architecture is a complex matter since it falls under two major field art and science. Art is unlimited. Anything can be considered an art. Architecture as an art aims to satisfy the requirements of aesthetics of a building without disregarding the need for sound structure with complete utilities. Designing a building, however, is an art that is controlled by the accurate principles of science. It means that what is scientifically possible will contribute to a secure structure. Science, therefore, is an inevitable component of architecture.
Compared to a rather similar or close area of study which is Civil Engineering, architecture as a profession seeks to satisfy the requirements of beauty, utility, and strength. Civil Engineering, on the other hand, concentrates more on the utility and strength of structure without further regard as to how the building will look like. 2 Types of Architecture:
1. Historic architecture- is the combination of past principles and styles. 2. Contemporary architecture- is generally speaking the architecture of the present time. The term contemporary architecture is also applied to a range of styles of recently built structures and space which are optimized for current use. The different types of Architecture can be traced from ancient civilizations. These include Egypt,...