Module 2 – Religious Terrorism2
The Director of the Center for Security Studies at Georgetown University believes that: 1) perpetrators of terroristic acts must have a clerical figure involved in a leadership role; 2) the cleric must use some sort of religious scripture to justify their violence, in order to gain recruits; and 3) use an end-of-the-world theory to justify the acts. Retaliation against suicide attacks gives the group members a sense of creditability as victims, which may strengthen their beliefs.
Around the end of the 19th century, the Japanese Navy and Army had their own intelligence organizations. ”The Kempei Tai and the Tokko were agencies that kept track of foreigner (especially journalist), communists, pacifists, and liberals. Kempei Tai activities in areas such as Java, the Philippines, and China included routine torture of prisoner, trials of alleged offenders, and the establishment of counterespionage networks comprised of local informants” (Japan (2012), Encyclopedia of Intelligence…)
Thereafter, the Public Security Investigation Agency (PSIA) handled both counterintelligence and subversive activities until around the early 1990s inside of Japan. However, the subway by Aum Shinrikyo cult in 1995 gave the PSIA a new lease on life.
Examine the attack by Aum Shinrikyo on the transportation system in Japan.
Relate the treat of this type of attack with risk management perspective of John Parachir and explosive weapons of mass destruction.
Module 2 – Religious Terrorism3
Module 2 – Religious Terrorism4
Japan (2012), Encyclopedia of Intelligence & Counterintelligence, Credo Reference
White, J. R. (2012), Terrorism and Homeland Security, Cengage Learning, Mason, Ohio