The bill does not only seek to limit the population, it also provides for population development that aims to help couples or parents achieve their fertility rate, improve reproductive health, reduce incidence of teenage pregnancy, contribute to policies that will aid the government to achieve a favorable balance between population and distribution, economic activities and the environment. However, this act is not coercive rather suggestive; not compulsory but voluntary (Lagman. 2008).
A. It is essential to reducing Poverty
Studies show that rapid population growth intensifies poverty while poverty develops rapid population growth. This is basically due to the fact that because there is a large population, information is not properly segregated or disseminated. The National Statistics Office (NSO) disclose that the family income and expenditures surveys conducted in 1985-2000 results say that 57.3% of families having many children are poor while only 15.7% of families having only two children are poor. This is mainly because families with bigger number of members have to spend more compared to those families with only two children. The latest data shows that poverty incidence is less than 10% for a family with one child; but it rises steadily with the number of children to 57% for a family with 9 or more children. According to the NSSM 200 report, the Philippines, as one of the thirteen countries tended by it and also a part of the 47 percent that make up the world population, it must advocate the promotion of education and contraception and other population control measures (NSSM). Moreover, the UN Human Development Reports show that countries with higher population growth invariably score lower in human development. The Asian Development Bank in 2004 also listed a large population as one of the major causes of poverty in the country. The National Statistics Office also affirms that large families are prone to poverty with 57.3 percent of families with seven children mired in poverty while only 23.8 percent of families with two children are poor. Recent studies also show that large family size is a significant factor in keeping families poor across generations (Lagman. 2008).