REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
According to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), which is a US Government agency responsible for providing national security intelligence to senior US policymakers, the total estimated population of the Philippines in year 2012 is about 103 775 002. Almost 104 million people are living in the Philippines. Compared to the population of other countries, Philippines ranks as the 12th most populated country in the world and China as being the undisputed no. 1 most populated country. The fertility rate of Filipino women is estimated to be at 3.05% which is at the upper bracket of 206 countries. It is estimated that four babies are born every minute. If this rate continues, the population of the Philippines will balloon to 130.2 million in the next 20 years. (http://www.studymode.com/essays/Related-Literature-Rh-Bill-559393.html) and (http://www.affordablecebu.com/load/philippine_government/total_population_of_the_philippines_2012/5-1-0-3004)
Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive Health Act 2012 (Republic Act No. 10354) was signed by President Benigno Aquino 111 of The Philippines last December 21, 2012. The law guarantees universal access to methods on contraception, fertility control, sexual education, and maternal care. The bill does not only seek to limit the population, it also provides for population development that aims to help couples or parents achieve their fertility rate improve reproductive health , reduce incidence of teenage pregnancy. (http://www.who.int/pmnch/media/news/2013/20130107_philippines_reproductive_health_law/en/index.html)
The link between the population growth and economic development was the subject of intense research from 1960s to the 1980s. A common view was that rapid population growth – of two percent or higher per year then prevailing in many developing countries – was more likely to hinder than foster economic development. This negative effect operates via reduced child care and human...
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