Rehabilitation in Corrections

Topics: Supreme Court of the United States, Prison, Crime Pages: 3 (890 words) Published: April 22, 2013

What is Rehabilitation?
Rehabilitation is the strategy of applying proper treatment so an offender will present no further threat to society. Correctional counseling and rehabilitation seeks to transform a convicted felon into a responsible and productive member of society. A foundation in the general principles of offender intervention is established; principles such as risk, need, and responsively are upheld; and common themes including the use of cognitive-behavioral interventions and the importance of treatment integrity emerge

History of Rehabilitation
* The idea of rehabilitation started from the temperance movement in the 19th century. * The temperance movement gave rise to our modern notions of addiction and the need for our society to help the suffering of its addicts. * Rehabilitation provides more vocational and educational programs. * Before rehab 95 percent of the population from prison resided back into the communities not learning how to cope. * Community programs and federal grants fund rehabilitation. * In the 1980s and 90s Rehabilitation was forced upon the criminals. Now its more to create opportunities for change.

Supreme Court Cases
* Tapia v. United States (2010): A United States Supreme Court case in which the Court held that a federal court cannot give a criminal defendant a longer sentence to promote rehabilitation. * Pepper v. United Sates (2010): This United States Supreme Court case was concerned whether a District Court handled the sentencing of a former methamphetamine dealer correctly. He was sentenced to 24 months in prison, which is much shorter than what federal guidelines suggest for that crime. Prosecutors appealed the case to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit which after being remanded back to the District Court the original sentence remained because of the defendants rehabilitation he would be seeking.

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