Rehabilitation of Criminals

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Introduction
Being reintroduced into the outside world and the re-socialization of newly freed criminal offenders has been a reoccurring setback in society. With the United States having recidivism rates upward of 69%, it is apparent that freed convicts are finding it hard readjusting and going back to their normal lives in society (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2008). Retribution, incapacitation, deter, and rehabilitate offenders, are all characteristics of the purpose of prison, but much of the research on recidivism rates criticize the idea that “prison works” (Dhami, 2006). However, with offenders finding their way back into jails and prison within at least one year of being released, it is clear that the prison system is not providing inmates with the rehabilitation and therapy needed to function once they return to the outside world. In the past many studies have shown that inmates who take in vocational and therapy based programs are more successful with reintegration into everyday life upon their release. The combination of vocational programs with the use of counseling, health and fitness programs, transcendental meditation, academic programs and religious programs are they way to go. These rehabilitative programs are usually based on the notion that criminal behavior in suspects is caused by some contributing factor such as a history of violence, psychological or mental disorders.

Rehabilitation not Punitive Deterrence
Why Rehabilitation Programs?
Moreover, this assertion of these factors does not mean that some offenders make their own personal choices to break the law but rather it reasons that these personal choices are habitually caused by certain factors, which contribute to unlawful behavior. Most of these programs are thus focused on the perspective, which is aimed to deal with criminal attributing behavior. For example, counseling programs could be aimed to focus on the behavior that led to the criminal offender committing the offense while educational programs could emphasis on how to modify criminal inducing behavior to positive non-criminal behavior. Correctional programs in prison facilities are therefore important in reducing the recurrence of criminal behavior as well as reducing recidivism among probationers and parolees. Rehabilitation programs should be more readily implemented into prisons to reduce post recidivism since these programs are mostly focused on treating the criminal behavior of prisoners by eliminating completely the factors or circumstances that drive them to commit criminal acts. Efficacy of Rehabilitation Programs

In general, rehabilitation programs have been effective in reducing recidivism among prison convicts since they are mostly focused on treating the criminal causing behavior of prisoners by eliminating completely the factors or circumstances that drive them to commit criminal acts. Criminologists who conducted research on the effectiveness of rehabilitative programs such as educational, community based and transcendental programs noted that rehabilitative programs had a higher efficacy when they were oriented towards providing treatment to prison convicts so as to reduce recidivism. They noted that both the educational and transcendental rehabilitative programs were designed to provide prisoners with life skills that they could use to manage their criminal causing behavior as well as equip them with technical skills that would improve the quality of their lives.

Focuses of Rehabilitation Programs
Rehab programs that are attentive on the beliefs of effective involvement are able to target the known influences of recidivism thereby necessitating change and also allowing the incorporation of reasoning or behavioral treatments to reinforce the behavior of the criminal offender by eliminating criminal thinking patterns. Ideologies of effective intervention guarantee that rehabilitative programs are able to take into account the varying personalities of...
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